This is an update of a piece I wrote at the beginning of April about the men who killed women in the UK in 2012 and the methods they chose to do so.
Femicide is the killing of women by men because they are women, some include the killing of women by women where patriarchal views can be seen, in other words femicide is the killing of women motivated, directly or indirectly, by misogyny and sexism.
I wrote ‘Counting Dead Women’ on 25th March 2013 about 112 UK women killed in the UK through male violence in 2012, but through researching trial outcomes, that number was revised and had to be increased to 114. Repeating the exercise for this piece eight months later, again, the figure needs to be revised. It now stands at 120. 120 women in the UK were killed through male violence in 2012, that’s one woman in the UK killed through male violence every 3.04 days.
The 120 women were killed by 118 men, four men were multiple killers. One man killed three women, three men killed two. Two women was killed by two men and another by two men and a woman.
So far, 63 men have been found guilty of murdering 65 women.
Ten men, who killed 12 women between them have killed themselves. Five men shot themselves after shooting seven women, one man drowned himself after drowning his partner, one man hanged himself after strangling his partner and of three men who stabbed women they were or had been married to, one killed himself through poisoning, one by slitting his own throat and one in what is described as a serious self-harm incident whilst in prison.
17 men have been found not guilty or murder but guilty of manslaughter (two of which were culpable homicide sentences in Scotland). Even the name manslaughter renders women invisible. Of the 17 men found not guilty of murder, nine pleaded diminished responsibility on the grounds of mental health problems; three pleaded loss of control and three that they did not intend to kill. (I’ve been unable to find details of the mitigating factors put forward by the remaining two men.) Of the 17 men found not guilty of murder: Four men had killed women by stabbing them, one man by axing and stabbing, five men had beaten women to death with an object, three men had strangled them, two men had kicked women to death, one man had smothered a women and one man killed a women through multiple injuries. One of the men was found not guilty of murder but convicted of manslaughter with a sentence of only seven and a half years, despite killing a woman by stabbing/slashing her 11 times in what was described as a frenzied attack and a history of 25 court appearances for 44 offences, which include offences relating to domestic violence.
16 men killed their mothers, or have been accused of their killing. One man has been found guilty of killing his grandmother. Five of the men who killed their mothers were found guilty of manslaughter/culpable homicide. Two men who killed their mothers also killed themselves.
14 cases have not yet been to trial and one man has been judged unfit to stand trial.
Five older women, aged between 75 and 88 years were killed by younger men, aged between 15 and 43 years as they were robbed/mugged. Two of the women died of head injuries, two were strangled and one was beaten to death with a hammer.
The average age of men in the UK who killed women in 2012 is 38. The average age of the women killed is 44. If the men who killed their mothers (or grandmother) and those who preyed on elderly women because of their vulnerability are removed, the average age of male killers becomes 40 and that of women killed becomes 39.
It’s often the case that details of how men have chosen to kill women are not reported until the case has gone to trial, so the following list is still incomplete. However, from what has been reported to date, the primary means selected by men to cause death to women have been:
- Shot: 7 women
- Stabbed: 34 women
- Stabbed and beaten: 4 women
- Blunt force trauma: 7 women
- Strangled: 12 women
- Asphyxiation : 4 women
- Strangled & asphyxiation: 3 women
- Strangled, beaten and stabbed: 4 women
- Drowning: 1 woman
- Hammer injuries: 4 women
- Stabbed/axed/slashed: 4 women
- Multiple injuries from kicking and beating:
- Burned: 1 woman
- Fire: 2 women
- Head Injuries: 14 women
- Deliberate Car Crash: 1 woman
- Body still not found: 1 woman
When we look at women killed by men, it is important that we name men’s violence.
Excellent Work, I used to be a domestic violence coordinator in a women’s centre, I am now involved in other women’s charities. The need for statistic’s to prove need for our services is on going, the work you have done is helpful because it shows the need and breath of education, protection and support that women and girls need.
I know of a woman who supposedly killed herself but noone believes it.
I’m so sorry to hear that. Have you seen this? http://inquest.gn.apc.org/website/help-advice/the-inquest-handbook/inquest-handbook-section-4/section-4-4-after-the-inquest
‘Even the name manslaughter renders women invisible’ – you are so right, am ashamed this never even occurred to me. The numbers are shocking – its an epidemic.
Thanks Sarah. The traps of language, eh?
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Then there’s the unsolved murder of prostitutes. The group whose murders are most unlikely to be investigated adequately. So obviously they don’t appear in these figures.
Hi, I am interested in all murders of women by men and definitely would not exclude the murders of women involved in prostitution. If you are aware of any women killed by men that do not appear in my records, I’d be very grateful of the information. I appreciate that the murders of women involved in prostitution can suffer from both inadequate attention and/or sensationalism – neither are helpful.
Thank you for all this work. This is something that should be done by governement statisticians, but is not. I can’t even get Sex for most of the work done by my country’s stats dept, for any category not just Femicide.
Frustrating, isn’t it. One of the reasons I’ve continued doing this is because the government is either not collecting or not publishing the data I want.
Thanks for reading.