“Trans women are suffering violence and abuse because they are trans. Over a quarter of trans people experience domestic violence and two women a week are killed by a partner in England and Wales.
So let’s look at homicide and sex differences, and homicide and trans people:
In the year ending March 2017 there were 613 recorded homicide victims and 617 recorded homicide suspects. The numbers aren’t exactly the same because sometimes there is more than one suspect and sometimes there are none.
- There were 433 male homicide victims and and 469 male suspects. That means
- 71% of victims were male
- 76 % of perpetrators were male
- There were 8% more male perpetrators than victims
- There were 180 female victims and 148 female perpetrators
- 29% of victims were female
- 24% of perpetrators were female
- There were 18% fewer female perpetrators than victims
- 50% of female victims aged 16+ were killed by a current or former partner (sex of perpetrator not specified)
- 3 % of male victims aged 16+ were killed by a current or former partner (sex of perpetrator not specified)
- Over the last decade there have been 7 homicides of trans people, all biologically male; there have been 12 homicides perpetrated trans people, all biologically male.
- There were 71% more homicides perpetrated by trans people, all biologically male, than against trans people (all biologically male).
Women are perpetrators of homicide at 18% lower rates than we are victims. Males are perpetrators of homicide at 8% greater rates than they are victims. Trans people are perpetrators of homicide at 71% greater rates than they are victims.
One woman has been killed at the hands of a man every 2.6 days in the UK since 2012. Why isn’t Amnesty International pushing the concerns of female victims of homicide in relation to proposed changes to the Gender Recognition Act? Facts matter. Social policy should be based on factual information not twisted and distorted disinformation.
Why is Amnesty International appropriating commonly used (but not particularly accurate) data about female victims of intimate partner homicide to pursue a trans activist agenda?
*Usual disclaimer: Every victim of homicide is a victim. I do not celebrate a single homicide. My sympathies to the loved ones of every victim. I support universal human rights. I am a feminist with a particular interest in the wellbeing of female victims of men’s violence.
This was the speech I gave in a pub at Women’s Place’s Leeds meeting on 28 September 2018. A speech that Judith Blake, the first woman Leader of Leeds City Council, prevented me from delivering at the Civic Hall by cancelling the Woman’s Place booking.
I’ve worked in services for women who have been subjected to men’s violence for 29 years. I’m currently Chief Executive of a charity called nia – nia started as Hackney Women’s Aid in 1975 – we’re based in East London and provide services to women, girls and children who have been subjected to sexual and domestic violence – men’s violence. Our services include community based domestic violence services, East London Rape Crisis, a specialist refuge for women with problematic substance use and one for women fleeing sexual exploitation – prostitution, trafficking, grooming. That refuge is called Daria House, named after Daria Pionko, who was murdered, here in Leeds, in the so-called safe prostitution managed zone. Prostitution can never be safe.
Of course we would always work with a woman subjected to violence by a female perpetrator – but we’re talking a tiny number of cases a year, whereas every year we work face-to-face with at least 1,500 women and girls who have been subjected to men’s violence and support many more over the phone or electronically.
In addition to my day job, I run the project Counting Dead Women – commemorating women killed by men in the UK and I’m co-founder of the Femicide Census in partnership with Women’s Aid.
I started Counting Dead Women almost 7 years ago after the murder – on January 2 2012 – of a young woman in East London. Her name was Kirsty, she was 20 years old. Kirsty had been referred to nia a few weeks before she was killed. When I heard about her death, I was on annual leave at the time, I did what I think many of us here would do in similar circumstances, I took to the internet to find out more. Even though I’ve been working in the field of women affected by men’s violence for years, and Kirsty wasn’t the first woman connected to places where I’d worked who had been killed, I was perplexed by what I found, because there seemed to be report after report of women who’d been killed by men in week or so since Christmas, just so many. I made a note of their names because I wanted to figure out just how many women it was. It turned out that in the first three days of 2012 in the UK, eight women had been killed by men : three days, eight dead women: three shot, one stabbed, one strangled with a dog lead, one battered with a blunt object before she was smothered with a pillow, one – a 77 year-old woman – beaten to death with her own walking stick, and an 87 year old woman battered to death with blunt force trauma by her own grandson.
Since then, I’ve counted and named 955 women killed by men in the UK – that’s an average of one woman dead at the hands of a man every 2.5 days. I have read and absorbed the detail of each and every one of these killings of women by men. I have tried to learn something about the life and death of each woman.
I grew up in Huddersfield in the 70s and 80s. That meant growing up under the shadow of Peter Sutcliffe. I was 7 when he killed 28 year-old Wilma McCann (as far as we know, his first murder victim) 12 when he killed his last. He was charged in 1981 – when I was a few weeks shy of 13 – for murdering 13 women in less than 6 years. It’s no exaggeration to say that his violence was a formative influence. And the man I thought was my dad was violent and abusive to my mum and us kids, and there was violence and abuse in some of my friends’ early relationships too.
Men’s violence against women has been part of my life in one way or another for longer than I can remember – but I have a nice home, a partner who I love and who loves me, a good job. I know I am fortunate. Tonight, I want to talk to you about why I think women only spaces and services are essential for women and children who have been subjected to men’s violence, women who don’t benefit from the safety and security that I enjoy. Transgender ideology creates an environment that is hostile to specialist single-sex services for women who have been subjected to men’s violence and one in which women cannot set our own boundaries.
87% of rapes of adults are committed against women and women are the victim in 80% of domestic homicides.
Males on the other hand
- Males commit 78% of violent crimes recorded in England and Wales.
- Males commit 88% of intimate partner homicides
- Males commit 90% of all murders in England and Wales.
- Males commit 98% of recorded sexual offences
One of the most important ways that we can contribute to creating a ‘safe space’ for women who have experienced men’s violence ……. Is quite simply by keeping men out – it’s simple probability statistics. Men are for more likely to commit violence than women.
I’m not naive or dishonest enough to claim that women are never violent – of course some women are. But when women are violent – and remember its statistically way less frequent – when they are they are – they generally cause less harm than violent men.
So let’s move on to look at males who identify as trans
There is no credible evidence suggesting that males who identify as trans commit violence against women at lower rates than those who do not. In fact, evidence suggests that trans identified males commit violent crimes at rates comparable to men. I’m not saying that men who identify as transgender are inherently violent or that all trans identified males are violent – just that they are no less violent that other males.
Despite claims to the contrary, Gender Recognition Certificates and/or identification as trans does not reduce men’s violence. They don’t magic away male socialisation. Self –declaration, even worse, would mean that any man who says he is a woman would be able to access specialist services for women subjected to men’s violence, unless those services understand how to and have the guts to apply Equality Act Exemptions – and there is serious pressure which prevents many, if not most, from doing this.
Some say that ‘we’ – those of us working is specialist women’s services – can use risk assessments to assess whether a male who says he is trans poses a risk to women.
Let’s look at this in relation to women’s refuges:
When a risk assessment is completed with a woman looking to move in to a refuge, time is critical, you need to help her to get to a place of safety and quickly. She’s either already left her home or is planning to do so urgently because she is in danger. With risk assessment, you’re assessing the risk she is facing from her partner, planning how she can reduce risks associated with actually leaving, whether the location of the refuge offers safety and whether she herself would pose a risk to others living in the refuge. Not whether or not she is actually a violent male.
If you expect refuges to accommodate males who identify as trans, you’re asking staff in women’s refuges to differentiate between
- Transgender people born male who have genuinely experienced men’s violence and have managed to unpick their male socialisation and who will not use their sense of male entitlement or sexism or misogyny to harm, reduce and control women in the refuge and
- those transgender people born male who have genuinely experienced violence but are still dripping in male privilege and advantage and who hate or resent women; and
- those transgender people born male who are narcissistic perpetrators who have managed to convince themselves (and others) that they are victims
- those transgender people born male who are fetishists and
- men who are pretending to be trans in order to track down a particular woman or access women in general
Why should we be put in this position? Why should women and children who have experienced men’s violence be put in that position? Why is prioritising the needs of women who have been subjected to men’s violence a problem?
Refuges and other specialist women’s services as women-only spaces, offer not only a physical, but also a psychological and emotional escape from men’s domination, control and violence:
- Away from the specific man that they are escaping or who has violated them
- Away from men in general
- Away from men’s control and demands for attention
- Away from the male gaze and their judgement of women
- A space where women share in common experiences of abuse – despite all the other differences between us
Women tell us that they want and value women-only space for safety, empathy, trust, comfort, a focus on women’s needs, expertise, confidence, and because they’re less intimidating. Women say that a women only space has been an essential part of their recovery from men’s violence and that that being with women who have had similar experiences is a vital part of accepting that they are not to blame.
At least 80% of males who identify as trans retain a penis. Do adult penises belong on women’s refuges and Rape Crisis centres? Do adult penises belong in women’s prisons? Most women in prison have been victims of crimes far more serious than those for which they were convicted and the majority have been subjected to men’s violence.
Many of the women and children we work with are terrified of males. They will – like most of us – almost always instantly read someone who might be the most kind and gentle trans identified male in the world – as male – and they may experience terror immediately and involuntarily. They need and deserve a break.
Women are gas-lighted(manipulated to question their own sanity) by their abusive male partners all the time, it is furthering the abuse to then expect then to share women-only spaces with males who say that they are women because they are not. The Gender Recognition Act has created what has been described by Professor Kathleen Stock as a legal fiction – males can be recognised as women under the law, but it doesn’t mean that they really are women. Some people might choose to use preferred pronouns as a sign of courtesy to trans people – but it doesn’t mean that they all believe a person can change sex. A person cannot change sex. It undermines our ability to help women believe in themselves if we put them in positions where we expect them to believe this lie.
Some say that men will not go so far as to lie about being trans in order to access vulnerable women. Anyone who believes this has not spent much time with abusive men and has little idea of the lengths that some are prepared to go to.
- Men like retired police officer Bill Dowling, who called his ex-partner Victoria Rose to help him as – because he said – he was coughing up blood. Even though they were separated she went to help. When she arrived he shot her in the head.
- Men like Darren Sykes, who lured his 9 and 12 year old sons Paul and Jack in to the attic with the promise of a new train set. As they played with it he poured petrol round the house before setting it alight and turning the house into an inferno. His intention – lifelong mental torture of Claire Throssell, his ex-wife, mother of the two now-dead two boys.
- Men like Stephen Wood, a child abuser on remand for multiple rapes with a long record of sexual and violent offences against women and girls, who said he was trans, and despite retaining his full male genitalia was sent to New Hall Prison under the name Karen White where he assaulted 4 inmates within days of being moved in.
I know these are extreme examples, most women who experience men’s violence are not killed and most men do not kill their children – but they are illustrative of the lengths that some men are prepared to go to. And those of us who know violent men or women who have been victims of violent men know that there are too many men who would go exactly this far.
Violent men lie and manipulate. Violent men are prepared to stand in court in a witness box and lie. According to data we found for The Femicide Census, of 37 men who pleaded not guilty to murdering women in 2016, only 1 was actually found not guilty of all charges.
We are told that trans people are disproportionately victims of violence this may be true and as a human being I support efforts to reduce crime, violence, hate and discrimination against anyone. As a feminist I applaud those who reject the trappings of gender but as a feminist I cannot stand by if women are being sold out in this process. And if we look at homicide, in the last decade, in the UK, there have been 8 homicides of trans people – all biologically male; on the other hand, trans people – all of these biologically male – have killed 11, 4 of their victims were women. And in the same period, men have killed at least 1,373 women.
There are two different issues here – but both are issues that reduce the safety of women – because of the erosion of women-only space
1) Males will lie about being trans in order to access women and children and 2) males who identify as trans commit violence against women at rates akin to those of males who do not
I don’t really care which group we’re most concerned about – my concern is women – especially women who have already been subjected to men’s violence.
This is not about lack of compassion with trans people; it is not about denying anyone’s human rights, anyone’s privacy and dignity. Of course not. But it is about fighting for women’s human rights. Our right to safety, our right to life, our privacy and our dignity. It is about recognising that women have sex-based rights and protections for a reason.
Men have already killed at least 101 UK women this year. Many thousands of women have been raped. Many 1000s live with the threat of violence every day. Victim-survivors of men’s violence deserve the breather, the sanctuary, that is offered by a women only space. Of course it’s too late for the women who have been killed. . We need to fight for single sex spaces and services. Let’s not play Russian roulette with the lives of women who have already suffered men’s violence.
The fight against sexual and domestic violence and abuse has been led by women, supporting women. We wouldn’t have a network of refuges and domestic violence and abuse services or Rape Crisis centres if feminists activists and survivors (and of course many women are both) women like Sandra [McNeill] and Jalna [Hamner] who are both here tonight had not created them because they realised that we – women – needed them, and we – women – wanted to support other women facing what we have faced. And whilst women have succeeded in creating change and this has always been under threat, we are facing a new backlash. We have not yet managed to eradicate men’s violence against women – nor indeed to overthrow the patriarchy, not yet. It is our responsibility – those of us here now – to protect and fight for what our fore-sisters created and continue the legacy that helps women escape and recover from men’s violence.
If you would like to donate to support nia, an East London based charity supporting women, girls and children subjected to sexual and domestic violence, please click here .
Self-declaration creates an environment that is hostile to specialist single-sex services and one in which women cannot set our own boundaries
This is what I’d planned to say in opposition to a motion at the Women’s Equality Party 2018 in favour of simplifying the ‘gender recognition certificate’ process. I’d slightly edited it to get it under the expected required 3 minutes (so it was already over-simplified and by no means everything I want to say) but in the event on the day, I had to further cut it down because there were so many who wanted to speak (both for and against) the motion, Whilst that was frustrating, it’s fine, it’s part of a democratic process. The outcome is that the WEP will be further consulting its members on this issue. I applaud WEP for daring to tackle these issues and for consulting members.
My name is Karen Ingala Smith. I have worked in services for women who have been subjected to men’s violence for 29 years. I run the project Counting Dead Women commemorating women killed by men in the UK and I am co-founder of the Femicide Census in partnership with Women’s Aid.
We’ve heard from women who have told us they have spoken to specialist women’s organisations. I haven’t just spoken to such an organisation – I run one.
I oppose this motion.
Self –declaration would mean that any man who says he is a woman would be able to access specialist services for women subjected to men’s violence.
Self-declaration creates an environment that is hostile to specialist single-sex services and one in which women cannot set our own boundaries.
Some say we can use risk assessments to assess whether a male who says he is trans poses a risk to women.
When a risk assessment is completed with a woman looking to move in to a refuge, time is critical, you need to get her to a place of safety and quickly. You’re assessing the risk she is facing from her partner, whether the location of the refuge offers safety and whether she herself would pose a risk to others living in the refuge. Not whether or not she is actually a violent male.
Another way we mitigate against risk is by providing a woman-only space.
At least 80% of males who identify as trans retain a penis. Do adult penises belong on women’s refuges and Rape Crisis centres? Many of the women and children we work with are terrified of males. They need and deserve a break.
There is a no credible evidence suggesting that males who identify as trans commit violence against women at lower rates than those who do not. Gender Recognition Certificates do not reduce men’s violence.
A women-only space is also one of the ways that we create a sense of sanctuary for women. Women say that they want women-only services for “safety, empathy, trust, support, they’re less intimidating and focus on women’s needs”. Women tell us time and time again that being with women who have had similar experiences is a vital part of accepting that they are not to blame.
Some say that men will not go so far as to lie about being trans in order to access vulnerable women. Anyone who believes this has not spent much time with abusive men and has little idea of the lengths that some are prepared to go to.
Darren Sykes, killed his 9 and 12 year old sons Paul and Jack by luring them in to an attic with the promise of a new train set – before he locked them in and turned the house into an inferno. His intention – lifelong mental torture of Claire Throssell, his ex-wife, mother of the two now-dead two boys. I know this is an extreme example, but it is one example of a countless number and it is illustrative of the lengths that some men are prepared to take.
Violent men lie. Violent men are prepared to stand in court in a witness box and lie. Of 37 men who pleaded not guilty to murdering women in 2016, only 1 was actually found not guilty of all charges.
We are told that trans people are disproportionately victims of violence. In the last decade, in the UK, there have been 7 homicides of trans people – all biologically male; on the other hand, trans people – all of these biologically male – have killed 12, 4 of their victims were women. And in the same period, men have killed at least 1,364 women.
This is not about lack of compassion with trans people; it is not denying them human rights, privacy and dignity. Of course not. It is about recognising that women have sex-based rights and protections for a reason.
How am I – a provider of women’s services – supposed to differentiate between a man who says he is a woman and a man who contemplates assaulting, raping or killing a woman?
Men have already killed 93 UK women this year. Many thousands have been raped. Do not play Russian roulette with the lives of women who have already suffered men’s violence.
 Most definitely not on my own!
If you’re interested in finding out more about the Gender Recognition Act and implications for women, please check out Woman’s Place UK and Fair Play for Women. I’ll be speaking in Leeds on 28 September on this issue with Nic Williams from Fair Play and Stephanie Davies-Arai from TransgenderTrend.
At least 100 UK women killed by men or where a man is the principal suspect by 24 September this year. 100 women in 267 days is one woman dead every 2.6 days.
- 3 January 2018: Elizabeta Lacatusu, 44, died of knife injuries to the throat. A man said to be her former partner, Genu Armeanu, 45, has been charged with her murder.
- 5 January 2018: Terrie-Anne Jones, 52, was found dead in her home. John Lewis, 56, has been charged with her murder.
- 8 January 2018: Claire Tavener, 27, was stabbed to death by her husband Andrew Tavener, 45.
- 9 January 2018: Julie Clark, 59, was found dead at home, she had died of stab wounds. Jason Nellist, 40, has been charged with her murder.
- 10 Jan 2018: Geraldine Mellor, 32, was strangled to death by her boyfriend of 6 months, Darrell Rose, 36.
- 12 January 2018: Amelia Blake, 22, was killed whist travelling in Australia, reportedly by her boyfriend Brazil Gurung, 33, who also killed himself.
- 13 January 2018: Cassie Hayes, 28, was killed by Andrew Burke, 30, the ex-partner of her girlfriend. He slit her throat.
- 24 January 2017: Claire Harris, 44, was found at home with serious injuries and pronounced dead. Her partner Ricardo Wilson, 50, has been charged with her murder.
- 26 January 2018: Cheryl Gabriel-Hooper, 51, was shot dead. A 45-year-old man was also injured was arrested on suspicion of murder. Cheryl had recently separated from her 45-year-old husband John Hooper.
- 29 January 2018: Janet Scott was stabbed by her ex-boyfriend Simon Mellors, she survived the attack but he ran her over and killed her as she tried to flee. Mellors had killed a former partner, Pearl Black in 1999 and killed Janet whist on licence.
- 29 January 2018: Paula Harris, 44, was strangled. Michael Foster, 39, has been charged with her murder.
- 6 February 2017: Ruksana Begum, 47, was found dead at home, police said she had been repeatedly stabbed. Mohammed Tafham, 30, has been charged with her murder.
- 13 February 2018: Saeeda Hussain, 54, suffered serious head injuries and was found dead at home. Muhammed Javed, 58, has been charged with murder.
- 13 February 2108: Danielle Richardson, 24, was found stabbed to death. Michael Marler, 37, has been charged with her murder.
- 16 Feb 2018: Sarbjit Kaur, 38, was found dead at home after what was set up to look like a botched robbery. She had been asphyxiated. Three months later, her husband Gurpreet Singh, 42, was been charged with her murder
- 17 February 2018: Jill Sadler, 58, was found stabbed to death. Her husband David Sadler, 61, has been charged with her murder.
- 18 February 2018: Heather Jordan, 34, was found dead. Martin Corns, 52, has been charged with her murder.
- 21 February 2018: Lynn McNally, 46, died of multiple stab wounds. Paul Beddoes, 44, has been charged with her murder.
- 22 February 2018: Charlotte Teeling, 33, was last seen alive and was reported missing 4 days later. She was found dead on 2 March. Richard Bailey, 40, has been charged with her murder.
- 27 February 2018: Denise also know as Crystal Gossett, who has in her 40s and her daughter Diane, 19, (below) son Edward, 16 and Diane’s young daughter, were killed in house fire. Daniel Allen, 27, has been charged with four counts of murder and one count of arson with intent to cause danger to life.
- 27 February 2018: Sabrinas also known as Elektra Gossett, 19, her daughter, mother (above) and brother, were killed in a house fire. Daniel Allen, 27, has been charged with four counts of murder and one count of arson with intent to cause danger to life.
- 27 February 2018: Laura Huteson, 21, was stabbed to death. Jason Gaskell, 23, has been charged with her murder.
- 28 February 2018: Anne James, 74, died of multiple stab injuries. Her grandson, Jason Gaskell, 23, has been charged with her murder.
- Julie Reilly was sat seen alive on 6thFebruary 2018. Her disappearance became a murder investigation as parts of her body were found in April. Andrew Wallace, 41, has been charged with her murder.
- 5 March 2018: Laura Figueira de Farida, 47, was found stabbed to death at home shortly after the bodies of her husband Adelino Figueira de Farida, 57, and two sons aged 7 and 10, were found at the bottom of cliffs. Police say they believe she was and the children were murdered and are not looking for anyone else.
- 5 March 2018: Angela Rider, 51, was found dead. Adrian Rodi, 51, has been charged with her murder.
- 6 March 2018: Fiona Scourfield, 54, was found dead. A 16-year-old male has been charged with her murder,
- 17 March 2018: Jennifer Rogers, 56, was found dead. She is thought to have been killed between 14 and 17 March. Her estranged husband Peter Rogers, 61, has been charged with her murder.
- 16 March 2018: Michelle Savage, 32, and her mum Heather Whitbread, 53, were shot dead. Michelle’s ex-husband Paul Savage, has been charged with their murders and theft of a rifle.
- 16 March 2018: Heather Whitbread, 53, and her daughter Michelle Savage, 32, were shot dead. Michelle’s ex-husband Paul Savage, has been charged with their murders and theft of a rifle.
- 21 March 2018: Diane Jones, 62, died of head injuries sustained in a hammer attack a week earlier. A 59-year-old man was also assaulted. A 42-year-old man who was arrested at the time remains in police custody.
- 30 March 2018: Jenny Cronin, 72, was doused in fuel and set alight by her ex-son-in-law Kieran Lynch, who also killed himself in the attack.
- 30 March 2018: Leyla Mtumwa, 36, was found with knife wounds to her neck and chest. Her husband Kema Salum, 38, has been charged with her murder.
- 31 March 2018: Ourania Lambrou, 80, died after being pushed to the ground where she hit her head. Harry Goodwin-Sim, 29, has been charged with manslaughter.
- 2 April 2018: Tanesha Melbourne, 17, died in her mother’s arms after having been shot in a drive-by shooting.
- 6 April 2018: Tracy Stonehouse, 51, was subjected to multiple stab wounds and other injuries to her head and neck. Her husband Arthur Stonehouse, 73, has been charged with her murder.
- 7 April 2018: Lesley Potter, 66, was found dead. Her husband Derek Potter, 63, has been charged with her murder.
- 10 April 2018: Alexis Flynn, 42, dies after having been stabbed to death, allegedly by David Payne, 51. He has also been charged with punching her on the face and body, putting his hands round her neck and compressing in February this year.
- 12 April 2018: Viktorija Sokolova, 14, was raped and killed through blunt force trauma to her head. She was found dead a day after being reported missing. A 16-year-old male has been charged with rape and murder.
- 12 April 2018: Margaret Howlett, 63, was stabbed to death. Approximately a month later, after undergoing hospital treatment, David Pawluk, was charged with her murder.
- 13 April 2018: Maryna Kavaliauskas, 35, was strangled to death with a ligature.
- 14 April 2018: Angela Craddock, 40, was beaten to death and died of blunt force trauma. William Smart, 54, has been charged with her murder.
- 15 April 2018: Samantha Clarke, 38, was stabbed to death. Jordan Clarke, 21, believed to be her nephew, has been charged with her murder.
- 18 April 2018: Jennifer Morgan, 33, was stabbed to death. Her partner, Hugh Baird, 39, has been charged with her murder.
- 20 April 2018: Julie Hunt, 47, was found seriously hurt after being attacked and died of her injuries. Florin Ion, 31, has been charged with her murder.
- 22 April 2018: Hollie Kerrell, 28, was reported missing and later found dead. Her husband Christopher Kerrell, 35, has been charged with her murder.
- 26 April 2018: Elizabeth Lacey, 63, was stabbed to death. Her son, Christopher Lacey, 21, has been detained under the Mental Health Act in relation to her death.
- 27 April 2018: Fiona Fisher, 51, was found dead at home by police responding to a request for a welfare check on her. Her son Thomas Fisher, 22, has been charged in relation to her death.
- 13 May 2018: Onees Khatoon, 71, was found dead. Her son, Majid Butt, 51, has been charged with her murder.
- 14 May 2018: Jessica Patel, 34, was found dead after suffering serious injuries. Her husband Mitesh Patel, 36, has been charged with her murder.
- 15 May 2018: Rosina Coleman, 85, was killed through blunt force trauma to her head and neck. 65-year-old Paul Prause has been charged with her murder.
- 18 May 2018: Bernadette Green, 88, was found dead. Her death was not initially thought to be suspicious, but after post mortem tests, her son John Green, 65, was charged with her murder.
- 20 May 2018: Sophie Cavanagh, 31, was found dead. An autopsy found that she had died of compression to the neck. Her estranged husband, Martin Cavanagh, 35, has been charged with her murder.
- 20 May 2018: Angela Conoby, 54, was found dead at home, her partner of more than 30 year, Peter Stagis, 60, has been charged with her murder. A Home Office pathologist gave a provisional cause of death as sharp force trauma to the chest and neck.
- 25 May 2018: Christina Abbotts, 29, was found bludgeoned to death in her bed after failing to turn up at celebrations planned for her birthday. Zahid Naseem, 47, has been charged with her murder.
- 28 May 2018: Laura Mortimer, 31, and her 11-year-old daughter Ella Dalby, were found dead. Christopher Boon, ex-partner of Laura Mortimer, has been charged with their murders.
- 29 May 2018: Denise Rosser, 38, was found dead at home where she had been beaten to death. She had recently told friends that she was frightened to go home. Simon Winston, 49, has been charged with her murder.
- 29 May 2018: Joanne Bishop, 39, died in hospital 4 days after her partner Shane Clarke, 52, stabbed her 29 times with a screwdriver.
- 31 May 2018: Jill Hibberd, 71, was stabbed to death. Lee Fueleop, 40, has been charged with murder , theft and burglary.
- 1 June 2018: Andra Hilitanu, 28, was fatally stabbed in the neck. Ioan Campeanu, 43, has been charged with her murder.
- 1 June 2018: Molly Frank, 61, died of a brain haemorrhage 24 hours after an attack which resulted in head injuries by Ahmed Seddiki, 95, for whom she was a carer.
- 6 June 2018: Sofija Kaczan, 100, died in hospital after having her neck and cheek broken in a robbery. Arthur Waszkiewicz, 39, has been charged with robbery and manslaughter.
- 8 June 2018: Tina Cantello, 49, was reported missing after she failed to turn up for work. Ahe was found dead the next day with multiple stab wounds. Geoffrey Hutton, 38, has been charged with her murder.
- 9 June 2018: Marie Gibson, 35, was stabbed to death. Shane Murphy, 27, has been charged with her murder.
- 12 June 2018: Gitana Matukeviciene, 50, died in hospital 3 days after being assaulted in Dagenham, London on 9 June. Dimitrij Platov, 52, had been charged with attempted murder.
- 12 June 2018: Tracy Patsalides , 40, was found dead with head and neck injuries in a seafront shelter in Eastbourne. Wayne Marshall, 38, has been charged with her murder.
- 23 June 2018: Gita Suri, 56, was stabbed to death by her partner Gary Davis, 50.
- 30 June 2018: Klarissa-Charlene Faith, 26, was found dead by police who had been called to her home. Her partner, Stuart Hall, 47, has been charged with her murder.
- 1 July 2018: Shuren Ma, 72, was found with a critical head injury and died at the scene by police who had been called to a disturbance. A man in his 70s was found with stab wounds . The police are not looking for anyone else.
- 6 July 2018: Samantha Toms, 47, was found dead at home. Her partner Ralph Fairman, 50, has been charged with her murder.
- 7 July 2018: Lorna Myers, 54, was stabbed to death and her 14-year-old son was also badly injured. A 32-year-old man has been charged with her murder.
- 8 July 2018: Stela Marisabel Domador-Kuzma, was found stabbed to death in a flat in Bournemouth. Ryan Thornton, 20 has been charged with her murder.
- 8 July 2018: Patricia Franks, 86, was found dead. Her husband Lawrence Franks, 84, has been charged with her murder.
- 10 July 2018: Gina Ingles, 34, and her 4 year old son, Milo, 4, died of smoke inhalation after a fire in their home. Her partner remains in hospital. A 23-year-old man was being held on suspicion of 2 counts of murder and one of attempted murder.
- 12 July 2018: Riasat Bi, 86, died of multiple stab wounds. Madni Ahmed, 20, has been charged with her murder.
- 12 July 2018: Katerina Makunova, 17, was stabbed to death. Oluwaseyi Dada, 21, has been charged with her murder.
- 19 July 2018: Lesley Davies, 81, died in hospital after being attacked in the street. A 69-year-old man has been detained under the mental Health Act and her death is being treated as murder.
- 24 July 2018: Sheila Thomas, 69, was found dead with stab wounds at her home in South London. David Thomas, 73, has been charged with her murder.
- 26 July 2018: Lucy McHugh, 13, was found stabbed to death. Stephen-Alan Nicholson, 24, was arrested on suspicion of murder and sexual activity with a child; he was bailed and later remanded in custody charged with withholding information relating to the case.
- 27 July 2018: Sam Eastwood, 28, was last seen alive, leaving work. She was found dead 8 days after being reported missing. Michael Stirling, 32, the brother-in-law of her ex-fiancé, has been charged with her murder.
- 2 August 2018: Karen Peter, who was in her 50s, was found dead after a house fire in Dagenham, E. London. Thomas Peter, 50, has been charged with murder and arson with intent to endanger life.
- 3 August 2018: Kelly Franklin, 29, was killed in what police have described as a ‘targeted attack’. Torbjorn (Ian) Kettlewell, 30, has been charged with her murder and possession of a bladed article.
- 6 August 2018: Katherine Kemp, 31, was found dead alongside her husband Thomas Kemp in Ipswich. Her death is being treated as murder, his as suicide.
- 6 August 2018: Tracey Evans, 52, was found dead in a flat in Leicestershire. Jeremy Clarke, 54, has been charged with her murder.
- 7 August 2018: Marie Walker, 61, was found dead by the police in Edinburgh after neighbours raised concerns. Robert Douglas, 62, has been charged with her murder.
- 15 August 2018: Simonne Kerr, 31, died after being stabbed in her home in South London. Her partner, Desmond Sylva, 40, has been charged with her murder.
- 15 August 2018: Barbara Davison, 66, was found dead in Redcar. Paul Plunkett, 61, has been charged with her murder.
- 21 August 2018: Kaltoun Saleh, 43, died in hospital after sustaining serious burns in a fire at her home in north London on 5 July. 4 children escaped unhurt. Abdi Quule, 42, had previously been charged with attempted murder.
- 22 August 2018: Carole Harrison, 73, had been attacked before her house was set on fire.
- 26 August 2018: Sharon Perett, 37, was found dead due to blunt force trauma trauma. Her partner Daniel O’Malley-Keyes, 30, has been charged with murder, it is alleged that Sharon was “beaten to death over the course of a weekend”.
- 26/27 August 2018: Raneem Oudeh, 22, was stabbed to death with her mother, Khaola Saleem, 49. Police are looking for her former partner, Janbaz Tarin, 21.
- 26/27 August 2018: Khaola Saleem, 49, was stabbed to death with her daughter, Raneem Oudeh, 22. Police are looking for Raneem’s former partner Janbaz Tarin, 21.
- August 2018: Eileen Baxter, 75, died of multiple organ failure following the puncture of her bowl caused by a vaginal mesh implant.*
- 1 September 2018: Celia Levitt, 68, was strangled. Her son, Barry Levitt, 36, has been charged with her murder.
- 5 September 2018: Joan Hoggett, 62, was stabbed multiple times whilst at work in a local shop. Ethan Mountain, 29, has been charged with her murder.
- 6 September 2018: Memunatu Warne, 43, died of smoke inhalation after a masked man riding a moped threw a petrol bomb through a window of the home of a relative she was visiting.
- 6 September 2018: Kylie Dembrey, 28, died following an attack at her home in which she was stabbed and strangled. Her partner Mark Sinclair, 30, has been charged with her murder.
- 20 September 2018: Kay Martin, 49, was killed at her home in Sunderland by her husband Alan Martin, 53, who then killed himself.
- 21 September 2018: Cristina Magda-Calancea, 26, was stabbed to death in Kings Lynn, Norfolk, on 21 September. Gediminas Jasinska, 29, has been charged with her murder.
- 21 September 2018: Frances Hubbard, 81, was stabbed to death. Her husband Michael Hubbard, 81, is being questioned by the police in relation to her death.
- Eileen Baxter was not killed by male violence but through multiple organ failure due to vaginal mesh perforating her bowel. Women’s pain is routinely ignored and minimised and this dangerous surgery is facing increased scrutiny.
Last updated 24 September 2018.
There was someone missing from Pink News’ list of 11 LGBT heroes who made 2017 so much better: lesbians. to help them with their blind spot, here are 11 lesbians (in no particular order) who, I think, made 2017 way better:
- Marcia Willis-Stewart QC, BSN lawyer of the year, fights for the civil liberties of individuals and their families against the state, those she has represented include the families of 77 of the victims of the Hillsborough disaster and Mark Duggan.
- Hattie Hasan, schoolteacher turned plumber, set up Stopcocks, the first national network of women plumbers. She is a committed advocate for global water and sanitation issues.
- Susan Calman is a comedian and presenter who danced her way to week 10 of this year’s Strictly Come Dancing and quite possibly made a woman talking about her wife, a lesbian wearing a glittery frock and dancing with – shock horror – a man, seem unremarkable to a whole new audience.
- Mhairi Black is the SNP MP for Paisley and Renfrewshire since 2015, she is currently the youngest member of the house of Commons, she is a strong critic of universal credit putting the fight against poverty central to her work.
- Harriet Wistrich, Liberty Human Rights lawyer of the Year 2014, is co-founder of Justice for Women and Centre for Women’s Justice. She has fought for women who killed violent partners including Emma Humphreys and Stacey Hyde and also women attacked by the serial rapist John Warboys and victims of the Metropolitan Police spycops.
- Sabrina Qureshi had a vision of the potential transformative power of women marching through the streets years before 2017’s Women’s March. She is founder and coordinator of Million Women Rise and annual march and celebration of international women’s day which marked its 10th anniversary in 2017.
- Penny Wong is an Australian politician whose tears of joy when Australia voted yes to Equal Marriage contradicted her previously stated opposition to equal marriage and exemplifies how the weight of culture, religion and history distort personal choice and, people’s capacity for change.
- Val McDermid is a crime writer and Christmas University Challenge and Celebrity Mastermind ace. She was the first woman from a Scottish state school to be admitted to St Hilda’s College, Oxford.
- Julie Bindel is a journalist, co-Founder of Justice for Women and activist for the abolition of prostitution. Her latest book, The Pimping of Prostitution, was released in October 2017.
- Casey Stoney, footballer with Liverpool and England’s Women’s Team shows just how backwards men’s football is about sexuality.
- Phyll Opuku-Gyimah is co-founder and executive director of UK Black Pride. She sits of the TUC race relations committee and refused an MBE in 2016’s New Year’s Honours list in protest of LGBTQI persecution by colonial regimes.
Hull City Council has recently published a Domestic Homicide Review[i] (DHR) into the murder of Christina Spillane, also known as Christina Randell. The conclusion in the Executive Summary of the full report stated ‘Nothing has come to light during the review that would suggest that [Christina Spillane’s] death could have been predicted or prevented.’
On 5th December 2013, Christina Spillane had phoned the police and in the course of describing threatening and aggressive behaviour from Deland Allman, her partner of over 20 years, she told them that he was going to kill her. The claim that nothing suggested her murder could have been predicted is not just wrong, it is doing one of the things that DHRs are supposed to avoid: writing the voice of the victim out of her own narrative. Christina had herself predicted that Allman was going to kill her and she told this to the police the first time there was any recorded contact between her and them. Also, women are more likely to underestimate the risk they face from a violent partner than overestimate it. Her fears should not have been ignored whilst she was still alive, let alone after she had been killed.
The conclusion of the executive summary of the DHR, contrary to several examples given in the body of the report, states ‘There is nothing to indicate there were any barriers to reporting and advice and information was given to [Christina] regarding services but these were not taken up.’ This belies any understanding of the dynamics of domestic violence and abuse. 1 in 4 women in England and Wales will experience domestic violence in their lifetimes and almost 1 in 10 will suffer domestic violence in any given year. Most women will never make any sort of formal report, to the police or any other service, statutory or otherwise, but most of them would be able to explain why they haven’t, exactly because of the multitude of barriers to doing so: shame, feeling it’s your own fault, not wanting to admit there’s a problem, feeling knackered enough and demoralised by the abuse and not being able to face telling a stranger about it, feeling judged, feeling more afraid of the unknown future than the known present or past. These are just a few examples from a much longer list of possibilities. On one occasion that the police were called to respond to Allman’s violence against Christina, their adult child had told the police that their mother, Christina ‘was too scared to call the police.’ That the panel of people assembled for the domestic homicide review panel declined to identify this, or any other significant barriers to reporting in the report’s conclusion, is a shockingly bad omission.
Research published in 2012 by the Equality and Human Rights Commission showed that 95% of women using women’s services preferred to receive them from a women only-organisation. Another report ‘Islands in the Stream’ by London Metropolitan University also stressed the importance of independent organisations. The domestic violence and abuse service in Hull is provided by Hull Domestic Abuse Partnership, a multi-agency response within the council’s community safety function. This is not an independent woman-only organisation. It is remiss that the DHR report does not consider whether this might be a barrier to reporting. Indeed it only reinforces the suggestion that too many statutory commissioners are happy to ignore what women tell us about the services they most value and furthermore, that independent women’s organisations are often undervalued and their importance side-lined.
For Christina there were additional problems: she had problematic substance use and a long history of involvement in prostitution. The review details that she had a criminal record including ‘prostitute loitering and prostitute soliciting’ but does not consider even in passing that this may have affected her behaviour, choices, beliefs about herself or relationship with ‘the authorities’. By failing to look at this, the inclusion of this information in the review risks merely inviting judgment of her character, the expectation of which is itself a barrier to accessing support. Indeed a report by nia found that prostitution-specific criminal records have a profound and specific negative impact on women, massively influencing how they expect to be viewed by others. Additionally, involvement in prostitution itself is a homicide risk factor. The Femicide Census found that of women who were involved in prostitution and killed between 2009 and 2015, almost 20% had been killed by a current or former partner, suggesting prostitution must be recognised as not just a risk factor for or form of male violence, but also as a risk factor for intimate partner violence including homicide. There is no indication in the DHR that anyone on the review panel had an expertise in understanding the impacts of prostitution upon women and considered this a barrier.
On 1st February 2015, almost two years and two months after telling the police that she feared Allman would kill her, Christina Spillane was found dead. Allman had stabbed her three times and strangled her in an assault of such force that the blade had snapped. She was 51. Far from there being ‘Nothing [that had] come to light during the review that would suggest that [Christina Spillane’s] death could have been predicted or prevented.’ as concluded in the executive summary, there had been a number of indicators of serious risk: escalating violence, threats to kill, reports of strangulation, separation, expression of suicidal thoughts by Allman, and male entitlement/possessiveness indicated by Allman’s belief that Christina was ‘having an affair’. Christina had spoken to the police, her GP, her drugs support agency, a support provider for women offenders and A&E between calling the police in December 2013 and her murder on the eve of 1st February 2015. It is simply incorrect to state that support ‘was not taken up’. Another interpretation is that Christina Spillane was desperately afraid and made multiple disclosures as she sought to find a route to safety, was facing multiple barriers to accessing specialist services and was failed by those that may have been able to help.
Frank Mullane, CEO of AAFDA, a charity set up to support families of victims of domestic homicide in memory of his sister and nephew who were murdered by their husband/father, says that the “victim’s perspective should permeate these reviews throughout”. The DHR in to the murder of Christina Spillane sorely failed to achieve this aim
No-one but the perpetrator, Deland Allman, bears responsibility for killing Christina. It is not the purpose of a DHR to redirect blame from violent killers (usually men) who make choices to end (usually women’s) lives. But if DHRs are to fulfil the functions of contributing to a better understanding and the prevention of domestic violence and abuse, they cannot be a hand-washing exercise. They need to ask big questions, there needs to be a robust challenge to victim blaming and they must endeavour to see things from a victim’s (usually woman’s) perspective. If we want them to be part of what makes a difference, we need to make sure that we hear what victims of violence tell us, rather than use them as a means of absolving us from taking responsibility for the differences that we might have been able to make.
[i] Since 2001, local authorities have been required to undertake and usually publish reports on Domestic Homicide Reviews (DHRs) where the death of a person aged 16 or over has, or appears to have, resulted from violence, abuse or neglect by a relative, household member or someone they have been in an intimate relationship with. The purposes of the reviews, which should be chaired by an independent person with relevant expertise, include establishing and applying what lessons are to be learned from the ways that agencies work to safeguard victims and also, to contribute to a better understanding of and the prevention of domestic violence and abuse.
We now know the names of the 22 people confirmed dead in the attack in Manchester, and we know the 17 of them were women and girls. Whilst not to deny or denigrate the lives of the 5 men that were also taken, it is essential that we view the attack as an attack on women.
Daesh have claimed responsibility and so the attack is rightly framed in the context of religious extremism. The patriarchal oppression of women by men is at the heart of this ideology, and in that respect Daesh is not alone. Inequality between women and men and men’s violence against women go hand-in-hand the world over. It is estimated that across the globe 66,000 women and girls are killed violently every year . Generally those countries with the highest homicide rates are those with the highest rates of fatal violence against women and girls; but other factors are at play too, countries with higher levels of sex inequality also have high rates of men’s violence against women and girls. The UK is no exception, this year, even before the attack in Manchester, at least 37 UK women had been killed by men. Links between men who perpetrate violence against women and terrorism are now being identified; and mass killers, including school shooters, are almost always male.
Gender is a hierarchy, the ideals of masculinity and femininity are critical tools in maintaining the oppression of women by men, in the creation of men’s violence against women and the conditions that support and enable it. We cannot afford to fail to identify and name patriarchy as an ideology underpinning violence and we cannot afford to fail to name male violence against women in the Manchester attack. If we want to end men’s violence against women and girls we will have to dismantle the structures that support inequality between women and men, without this almost any intervention that we might make will have little impact.
The prevent agenda, one of the 4 strands of the UK governments counter-terrorism strategy, has been condemned as toxic and anti-Muslim, as reinforcing rather than healing mistrust, but cultural relativism is not the solution. If we want to tackle terrorism, we need to understand and acknowledge that structural inequalities that create the conditions for violent hatred – be they grounded in patriarchy– or imperialism or capitalism – are critical and that solutions, if they are to have any impact, need to be equally ambitious. We also need to make sure our definition of terrorism includes acts of violence perpetrated by those claiming to be motivated by the aims of ideologies held, or perceived to be held, by populations who are mainly white. Religion is one of the tools of ideology. We need to push for a secular state, that doesn’t have to be about the absence of religion from the lives of those who choose it, but it does mean the separation of religion and the state. Of course if we are to learn from the mistakes of imperialism, this means that the West cannot impose secularism on the Global South. But we can redouble our efforts to fight for universal Human Rights for all, and human rights fully encompass women’s rights. The right to life, the right to freedom from torture, the right to freedom from slavery: men’s violence against women and more broadly the oppression of women is an international human rights crisis.
Yes, now is the time for unity – and in that unity we should seek our connections to those killed and harmed in the name of violent and oppressive ideologies across the world. We must be unified in our fight to identify, name and end all forms of men’s violence against women and girls and also to end hierarchies between women and girls. Whether international terrorism or domestic terrorism, men’s violence against women and girls is used to control, disempower and degrade women and girls. The attack in Manchester was an attack on women and girls, on our liberty, our safety, our lives. The response to terrorism must always include the rights of women.
In memory of
Angelica Klis, 40
Georgina Callendar, 18
Saffie Roussos, 8
Kelly Brewster , 32
Olivia Campbell, 15
Lisa Lees, 47
Jane Tweddle-Taylor, 51
Megan Hurley, 15
Nell Jones, 14
Michelle Kiss, 45
Sorrell Leczkowski, 14
Chloe Rutherford, 17
Eilidh Macleod, 14
Wendy Fawell, 50
Courtney Boyle, 19
Martyn Hett, 29
Marcin Klis, 42
John Atkinson, 28
Liam Curry, 19
Philip Tron, 32