Self-declaration creates an environment that is hostile to specialist single-sex services and one in which women cannot set our own boundaries
This is what I’d planned to say in opposition to a motion at the Women’s Equality Party 2018 in favour of simplifying the ‘gender recognition certificate’ process. I’d slightly edited it to get it under the expected required 3 minutes (so it was already over-simplified and by no means everything I want to say) but in the event on the day, I had to further cut it down because there were so many who wanted to speak (both for and against) the motion, Whilst that was frustrating, it’s fine, it’s part of a democratic process. The outcome is that the WEP will be further consulting its members on this issue. I applaud WEP for daring to tackle these issues and for consulting members.
My name is Karen Ingala Smith. I have worked in services for women who have been subjected to men’s violence for 29 years. I run the project Counting Dead Women commemorating women killed by men in the UK and I am co-founder of the Femicide Census in partnership with Women’s Aid.
We’ve heard from women who have told us they have spoken to specialist women’s organisations. I haven’t just spoken to such an organisation – I run one.
I oppose this motion.
Self –declaration would mean that any man who says he is a woman would be able to access specialist services for women subjected to men’s violence.
Self-declaration creates an environment that is hostile to specialist single-sex services and one in which women cannot set our own boundaries.
Some say we can use risk assessments to assess whether a male who says he is trans poses a risk to women.
When a risk assessment is completed with a woman looking to move in to a refuge, time is critical, you need to get her to a place of safety and quickly. You’re assessing the risk she is facing from her partner, whether the location of the refuge offers safety and whether she herself would pose a risk to others living in the refuge. Not whether or not she is actually a violent male.
Another way we mitigate against risk is by providing a woman-only space.
At least 80% of males who identify as trans retain a penis. Do adult penises belong on women’s refuges and Rape Crisis centres? Many of the women and children we work with are terrified of males. They need and deserve a break.
There is a no credible evidence suggesting that males who identify as trans commit violence against women at lower rates than those who do not. Gender Recognition Certificates do not reduce men’s violence.
A women-only space is also one of the ways that we create a sense of sanctuary for women. Women say that they want women-only services for “safety, empathy, trust, support, they’re less intimidating and focus on women’s needs”. Women tell us time and time again that being with women who have had similar experiences is a vital part of accepting that they are not to blame.
Some say that men will not go so far as to lie about being trans in order to access vulnerable women. Anyone who believes this has not spent much time with abusive men and has little idea of the lengths that some are prepared to go to.
Darren Sykes, killed his 9 and 12 year old sons Paul and Jack by luring them in to an attic with the promise of a new train set – before he locked them in and turned the house into an inferno. His intention – lifelong mental torture of Claire Throssell, his ex-wife, mother of the two now-dead two boys. I know this is an extreme example, but it is one example of a countless number and it is illustrative of the lengths that some men are prepared to take.
Violent men lie. Violent men are prepared to stand in court in a witness box and lie. Of 37 men who pleaded not guilty to murdering women in 2016, only 1 was actually found not guilty of all charges.
We are told that trans people are disproportionately victims of violence. In the last decade, in the UK, there have been 7 homicides of trans people – all biologically male; on the other hand, trans people – all of these biologically male – have killed 12, 4 of their victims were women. And in the same period, men have killed at least 1,364 women.
This is not about lack of compassion with trans people; it is not denying them human rights, privacy and dignity. Of course not. It is about recognising that women have sex-based rights and protections for a reason.
How am I – a provider of women’s services – supposed to differentiate between a man who says he is a woman and a man who contemplates assaulting, raping or killing a woman?
Men have already killed 93 UK women this year. Many thousands have been raped. Do not play Russian roulette with the lives of women who have already suffered men’s violence.
 Most definitely not on my own!
If you’re interested in finding out more about the Gender Recognition Act and implications for women, please check out Woman’s Place UK and Fair Play for Women. I’ll be speaking in Leeds on 28 September on this issue with Nic Williams from Fair Play and Stephanie Davies-Arai from TransgenderTrend.
At least 90 UK women killed by men or where a man is the principal suspect by 27 August this year. 90 women in 239 days is one woman dead every 2.6 days.
- 3 January 2018: Elizabeta Lacatusu, 44, died of knife injuries to the throat. A man said to be her former partner, Genu Armeanu, 45, has been charged with her murder.
- 5 January 2018: Terrie-Anne Jones, 52, was found dead in her home. John Lewis, 56, has been charged with her murder.
- 8 January 2018: Claire Tavener, 27, was stabbed to death by her husband Andrew Tavener, 45.
- 9 January 2018: Julie Clark, 59, was found dead at home, she had died of stab wounds. Jason Nellist, 40, has been charged with her murder.
- 10 Jan 2018: Geraldine Mellor, 32, was found dead. Darrell Rose, 36, has been charged with her murder.
- 12 January 2018: Amelia Blake, 22, was killed whist travelling in Australia, reportedly by her boyfriend Brazil Gurung, 33, who also killed himself.
- 13 January 2018: Cassie Hayes, 28, was killed by Andrew Burke, 30, the ex-partner of her girlfriend. He slit her throat.
- 24 January 2017: Claire Harris, 44, was found at home with serious injuries and pronounced dead. Her partner Ricardo Wilson, 50, has been charged with her murder.
- 26 January 2018: Cheryl Gabriel-Hooper, 51, was shot dead. A 45-year-old man was also injured was arrested on suspicion of murder. Cheryl had recently separated from her 45-year-old husband John Hooper.
- 29 January 2018: Janet Scott was stabbed by her ex-boyfriend Simon Mellors, she survived the attack but he ran her over and killed her as she tried to flee. Mellors had killed a former partner, Pearl Black in 1999 and killed Janet whist on licence.
- 29 January 2018: Paula Harris, 44, was strangled. Michael Foster, 39, has been charged with her murder.
- 6 February 2017: Ruksana Begum, 47, was found dead at home, police said she had been repeatedly stabbed. Mohammed Tafham, 30, has been charged with her murder.
- 13 February 2018: Saeeda Hussain, 54, suffered serious head injuries and was found dead at home. Muhammed Javed, 58, has been charged with murder.
- 13 February 2108: Danielle Richardson, 24, was found stabbed to death. Michael Marler, 37, has been charged with her murder.
- 16 Feb 2018: Sarbjit Kaur, 38, was found dead at home after what was set up to look like a botched robbery. She had been asphyxiated. Three months later, her husband Gurpreet Singh, 42, was been charged with her murder
- 17 February 2018: Jill Sadler, 58, was found stabbed to death. Her husband David Sadler, 61, has been charged with her murder.
- 18 February 2018: Heather Jordan, 34, was found dead. Martin Corns, 52, has been charged with her murder.
- 21 February 2018: Lynn McNally, 46, died of multiple stab wounds. Paul Beddoes, 44, has been charged with her murder.
- 22 February 2018: Charlotte Teeling, 33, was last seen alive and was reported missing 4 days later. She was found dead on 2 March. Richard Bailey, 40, has been charged with her murder.
- 27 February 2018: Crystal Gossett, who has in her 40s and her daughter Diane, 19, (below) son Edward, 16 and Diane’s young daughter, were killed in house fire. Daniel Allen, 27, has been charged with four counts of murder and one count of arson with intent to cause danger to life.
- 27 February 2018: Diane Gossett, 19, her daughter, mother (above) and brother, were killed in a house fire. Daniel Allen, 27, has been charged with four counts of murder and one count of arson with intent to cause danger to life.
- 27 February 2018: Laura Huteson, 21, was stabbed to death. Jason Gaskell, 23, has been charged with her murder.
- 28 February 2018: Anne James, 74, died of multiple stab injuries. Her grandson, Jason Gaskell, 23, has been charged with her murder.
- Julie Reilly was sat seen alive on 6thFebruary 2018. Her disappearance became a murder investigation as parts of her body were found in April. Andrew Wallace, 41, has been charged with her murder.
- 5 March 2018: Laura Figueira de Farida, 47, was found stabbed to death at home shortly after the bodies of her husband Adelino Figueira de Farida, 57, and two sons aged 7 and 10, were found at the bottom of cliffs. Police say they believe she was and the children were murdered and are not looking for anyone else.
- 5 March 2018: Angela Rider, 51, was found dead. Adrian Rodi, 51, has been charged with her murder.
- 6 March 2018: Fiona Scourfield, 54, was found dead. A 16-year-old male has been charged with her murder,
- 17 March 2018: Jennifer Rogers, 56, was found dead. She is thought to have been killed between 14 and 17 March. Her estranged husband Peter Rogers, 61, has been charged with her murder.
- 16 March 2018: Michelle Savage, 32, and her mum Heather Whitbread, 53, were shot dead. Michelle’s ex-husband Paul Savage, has been charged with their murders and theft of a rifle.
- 16 March 2018: Heather Whitbread, 53, and her daughter Michelle Savage, 32, were shot dead. Michelle’s ex-husband Paul Savage, has been charged with their murders and theft of a rifle.
- 21 March 2018: Diane Jones, 62, died of head injuries sustained in a hammer attack a week earlier. A 59-year-old man was also assaulted. A 42-year-old man who was arrested at the time remains in police custody.
- 30 March 2018: Jenny Cronin, 72, was doused in fuel and set alight by her ex-son-in-law Kieran Lynch, who also killed himself in the attack.
- 30 March 2018: Leyla Mtumwa, 36, was found with knife wounds to her neck and chest. Her husband Kema Salum, 38, has been charged with her murder.
- 31 March 2018: Ourania Lambrou, 80, died after being pushed to the ground where she hit her head. Harry Goodwin-Sim, 29, has been charged with manslaughter.
- 2 April 2018: Tanesha Melbourne, 17, died in her mother’s arms after having been shot in a drive-by shooting.
- 6 April 2018: Tracy Stonehouse, 51, was subjected to multiple stab wounds and other injuries to her head and neck. Her husband Arthur Stonehouse, 73, has been charged with her murder.
- 7 April 2018: Lesley Potter, 66, was found dead. Her husband Derek Potter, 63, has been charged with her murder.
- 10 April 2018: Alexis Flynn, 42, dies after having been stabbed to death, allegedly by David Payne, 51. He has also been charged with punching her on the face and body, putting his hands round her neck and compressing in February this year.
- 12 April 2018: Viktorija Sokolova, 14, was raped and killed through blunt force trauma to her head. She was found dead a day after being reported missing. A 16-year-old male has been charged with rape and murder.
- 12 April 2018: Margaret Howlett, 63, was stabbed to death. Approximately a month later, after undergoing hospital treatment, David Pawluk, was charged with her murder.
- 13 April 2018: Maryna Kavaliauskas, 35, was strangled to death with a ligature.
- 14 April 2018: Angela Craddock, 40, was beaten to death and died of blunt force trauma. William Smart, 54, has been charged with her murder.
- 15 April 2018: Samantha Clarke, 38, was stabbed to death. Jordan Clarke, 21, believed to be her nephew, has been charged with her murder.
- 18 April 2018: Jennifer Morgan, 33, was stabbed to death. Her partner, Hugh Baird, 39, has been charged with her murder.
- 20 April 2018: Julie Hunt, 47, was found seriously hurt after being attacked and died of her injuries. Florin Ion, 31, has been charged with her murder.
- 22 April 2018: Hollie Kerrell, 28, was reported missing and later found dead. Her husband Christopher Kerrell, 35, has been charged with her murder.
- 26 April 2018: Elizabeth Lacey, 63, was stabbed to death. Her son, Christopher Lacey, 21, has been detained under the Mental Health Act in relation to her death.
- 27 April 2018: Fiona Fisher, 51, was found dead at home by police responding to a request for a welfare check on her. Her son Thomas Fisher, 22, has been charged in relation to her death.
- 13 May 2018: Onees Khatoon, 71, was found dead. Her son, Majid Butt, 51, has been charged with her murder.
- 14 May 2018: Jessica Patel, 34, was found dead after suffering serious injuries. Her husband Mitesh Patel, 36, has been charged with her murder.
- 15 May 2018: Rosina Coleman, 85, was killed through blunt force trauma to her head and neck. 65-year-old Paul Prause has been charged with her murder.
- 18 May 2018: Bernadette Green, 88, was found dead. Her death was not initially thought to be suspicious, but after post mortem tests, her son John Green, 65, was charged with her murder.
- 20 May 2018: Sophie Cavanagh, 31, was found dead. An autopsy found that she had died of compression to the neck. Her estranged husband, Martin Cavanagh, 35, has been charged with her murder.
- 20 May 2018: Angela Conoby, 54, was found dead at home, her partner of more than 30 year, Peter Stagis, 60, has been charged with her murder. A Home Office pathologist gave a provisional cause of death as sharp force trauma to the chest and neck.
- 25 May 2018: Christina Abbotts, 29, was found bludgeoned to death in her bed after failing to turn up at celebrations planned for her birthday. Zahid Naseem, 47, has been charged with her murder.
- 28 May 2018: Laura Mortimer, 31, and her 11-year-old daughter Ella Dalby, were found dead. Christopher Boon, ex-partner of Laura Mortimer, has been charged with their murders.
- 29 May 2018: Denise Rosser, 38, was found dead at home where she had been beaten to death. She had recently told friends that she was frightened to go home. Simon Winston, 49, has been charged with her murder.
- 31 May 2018: Jill Hibberd, 71, was stabbed to death. Lee Fueleop, 40, has been charged with murder , theft and burglary.
- 1 June 2018: Andra Hilitanu, 28, was fatally stabbed in the neck. Ioan Campeanu, 43, has been charged with her murder.
- 1 June 2018: Molly Frank, 61, died of a brain haemorrhage 24 hours after an attack which resulted in head injuries by Ahmed Seddiki, 95, for whom she was a carer.
- 6 June 2018: Sofija Kaczan, 100, died in hospital after having her neck and cheek broken in a robbery. Arthur Waszkiewicz, 39, has been charged with robbery and manslaughter.
- 8 June 2018: Tina Cantello, 49, was reported missing after she failed to turn up for work. Ahe was found dead the next day with multiple stab wounds. Geoffrey Hutton, 38, has been charged with her murder.
- 9 June 2018: Marie Gibson, 35, was stabbed to death. Shane Murphy, 27, has been charged with her murder.
- 12 June 2018: Gitana Matukeviciene, 50, died in hospital 3 days after being assaulted in Dagenham, London on 9 June. Dimitrij Platov, 52, had been charged with attempted murder.
- 12 June 2018: Tracy Patsalides , 40, was found dead with head and neck injuries in a seafront shelter in Eastbourne. Wayne Marshall, 38, has been charged with her murder.
- 23 June 2018: Gita Suri, 56, was stabbed to death by her partner Gary Davis, 50.
- 30 June 2018: Klarissa-Charlene Faith, 26, was found dead by police who had been called to her home. Her partner, Stuart Hall, 47, has been charged with her murder.
- 1 July 2018: Shuren Ma, 72, was found with a critical head injury and died at the scene by police who had been called to a disturbance. A man in his 70s was found with stab wounds . The police are not looking for anyone else.
- 6 July 2018: Samantha Toms, 47, was found dead at home. Her partner Ralph Fairman, 50, has been charged with her murder.
- 7 July 2018: Lorna Myers, 54, was stabbed to death and her 14-year-old son was also badly injured. A 32-year-old man has been charged with her murder.
- 8 July 2018: Stela Marisabel Domador-Kuzma, was found stabbed to death in a flat in Bournemouth. Ryan Thornton, 20 has been charged with her murder.
- 8 July 2018: Patricia Franks, 86, was found dead. Her husband Lawrence Franks, 84, has been charged with her murder.
- 10 July 2018: Gina Ingles, 34, and her 4 year old son, Milo, 4, died of smoke inhalation after a fire in their home. Her partner remains in hospital. A 23-year-old man was being held on suspicion of 2 counts of murder and one of attempted murder.
- 12 July 2018: Riasat Bi, 86, died of multiple stab wounds. Madni Ahmed, 20, has been charged with her murder.
- 12 July 2018: Katerina Makunova, 17, was stabbed to death. Oluwaseyi Dada, 21, has been charged with her murder.
- 19 July 2018: Lesley Davies, 81, died in hospital after being attacked in the street. A 69-year-old man has been detained under the mental Health Act and her death is being treated as murder.
- 24 July 2018: Sheila Thomas, 69, was found dead with stab wounds at her home in South London. David Thomas, 73, has been charged with her murder.
- 26 July 2018: Lucy McHugh, 13, was found stabbed to death. Stephen-Alan Nicholson, 24, was arrested on suspicion of murder and sexual activity with a child; he was bailed and later remanded in custody charged with withholding information relating to the case.
- 27 July 2018: Sam Eastwood, 28, was last seen alive, leaving work. She was found dead 8 days after being reported missing. Michael Stirling, 32, the brother-in-law of her ex-fiancé, has been charged with her murder.
- 2 August 2018: Karen Peter, who was in her 50s, was found dead after a house fire in Dagenham, E. London. Thomas Peter, 50, has been charged with murder and arson with intent to endanger life.
- 3 August 2018: Kelly Franklin, 29, was killed in what police have described as a ‘targeted attack’. Torbjorn (Ian) Kettlewell, 30, has been charged with her murder and possession of a bladed article.
- 6 August 2018: Katherine Kemp, 31, was found dead alongside her husband Thomas Kemp in Ipswich. Her death is being treated as murder, his as suicide.
- 6 August 2018: Tracey Evans, 52, was found dead in a flat in Leicestershire. Jeremy Clarke, 54, has been charged with her murder.
- 7 August 2018: Marie Walker, 61, was found dead by the police in Edinburgh after neighbours raised concerns. Robert Douglas, 62, has been charged with her murder.
- 15 August 2018: Simonne Kerr, 31, died after being stabbed in her home in South London. Her partner, Desmond Sylva, 40, has been charged with her murder.
- 15 August 2018: Barbara Davison, 66, was found dead in Redcar. Paul Plunkett, 61, has been charged with her murder.
- 21 August 2018: Kaltoun Saleh, 43, died in hospital after sustaining serious burns in a fire at her home in north London on 5 July. 4 children escaped unhurt. Abdi Quule, 42, had previously been charged with attempted murder.
- 22 August 2018: Carole Harrison, 73, had been attacked before her house was set on fire.
- 26/27 August 2018: Raneem Oudeh, 22, was stabbed to death with her mother, Khaola Saleem, 49. Police are looking for her former partner, Janbaz Tarin, 21.
- 26/27 August 2018: Khaola Saleem, 49, was stabbed to death with her daughter, Raneem Oudeh, 22. Police are looking for Raneem’s former partner Janbaz Tarin, 21.
Please let me know if you have any information about the deaths of and charging in relation to Agnieszka Swierczynska-Jaros, Cecilia Seddon, Nicola Roberts , Claire Lucas, Dawn Sturgess, Carole Harrison; or any women missing from this list.
Last updated 27 August 2018.
There was someone missing from Pink News’ list of 11 LGBT heroes who made 2017 so much better: lesbians. to help them with their blind spot, here are 11 lesbians (in no particular order) who, I think, made 2017 way better:
- Marcia Willis-Stewart QC, BSN lawyer of the year, fights for the civil liberties of individuals and their families against the state, those she has represented include the families of 77 of the victims of the Hillsborough disaster and Mark Duggan.
- Hattie Hasan, schoolteacher turned plumber, set up Stopcocks, the first national network of women plumbers. She is a committed advocate for global water and sanitation issues.
- Susan Calman is a comedian and presenter who danced her way to week 10 of this year’s Strictly Come Dancing and quite possibly made a woman talking about her wife, a lesbian wearing a glittery frock and dancing with – shock horror – a man, seem unremarkable to a whole new audience.
- Mhairi Black is the SNP MP for Paisley and Renfrewshire since 2015, she is currently the youngest member of the house of Commons, she is a strong critic of universal credit putting the fight against poverty central to her work.
- Harriet Wistrich, Liberty Human Rights lawyer of the Year 2014, is co-founder of Justice for Women and Centre for Women’s Justice. She has fought for women who killed violent partners including Emma Humphreys and Stacey Hyde and also women attacked by the serial rapist John Warboys and victims of the Metropolitan Police spycops.
- Sabrina Qureshi had a vision of the potential transformative power of women marching through the streets years before 2017’s Women’s March. She is founder and coordinator of Million Women Rise and annual march and celebration of international women’s day which marked its 10th anniversary in 2017.
- Penny Wong is an Australian politician whose tears of joy when Australia voted yes to Equal Marriage contradicted her previously stated opposition to equal marriage and exemplifies how the weight of culture, religion and history distort personal choice and, people’s capacity for change.
- Val McDermid is a crime writer and Christmas University Challenge and Celebrity Mastermind ace. She was the first woman from a Scottish state school to be admitted to St Hilda’s College, Oxford.
- Julie Bindel is a journalist, co-Founder of Justice for Women and activist for the abolition of prostitution. Her latest book, The Pimping of Prostitution, was released in October 2017.
- Casey Stoney, footballer with Liverpool and England’s Women’s Team shows just how backwards men’s football is about sexuality.
- Phyll Opuku-Gyimah is co-founder and executive director of UK Black Pride. She sits of the TUC race relations committee and refused an MBE in 2016’s New Year’s Honours list in protest of LGBTQI persecution by colonial regimes.
Hull City Council has recently published a Domestic Homicide Review[i] (DHR) into the murder of Christina Spillane, also known as Christina Randell. The conclusion in the Executive Summary of the full report stated ‘Nothing has come to light during the review that would suggest that [Christina Spillane’s] death could have been predicted or prevented.’
On 5th December 2013, Christina Spillane had phoned the police and in the course of describing threatening and aggressive behaviour from Deland Allman, her partner of over 20 years, she told them that he was going to kill her. The claim that nothing suggested her murder could have been predicted is not just wrong, it is doing one of the things that DHRs are supposed to avoid: writing the voice of the victim out of her own narrative. Christina had herself predicted that Allman was going to kill her and she told this to the police the first time there was any recorded contact between her and them. Also, women are more likely to underestimate the risk they face from a violent partner than overestimate it. Her fears should not have been ignored whilst she was still alive, let alone after she had been killed.
The conclusion of the executive summary of the DHR, contrary to several examples given in the body of the report, states ‘There is nothing to indicate there were any barriers to reporting and advice and information was given to [Christina] regarding services but these were not taken up.’ This belies any understanding of the dynamics of domestic violence and abuse. 1 in 4 women in England and Wales will experience domestic violence in their lifetimes and almost 1 in 10 will suffer domestic violence in any given year. Most women will never make any sort of formal report, to the police or any other service, statutory or otherwise, but most of them would be able to explain why they haven’t, exactly because of the multitude of barriers to doing so: shame, feeling it’s your own fault, not wanting to admit there’s a problem, feeling knackered enough and demoralised by the abuse and not being able to face telling a stranger about it, feeling judged, feeling more afraid of the unknown future than the known present or past. These are just a few examples from a much longer list of possibilities. On one occasion that the police were called to respond to Allman’s violence against Christina, their adult child had told the police that their mother, Christina ‘was too scared to call the police.’ That the panel of people assembled for the domestic homicide review panel declined to identify this, or any other significant barriers to reporting in the report’s conclusion, is a shockingly bad omission.
Research published in 2012 by the Equality and Human Rights Commission showed that 95% of women using women’s services preferred to receive them from a women only-organisation. Another report ‘Islands in the Stream’ by London Metropolitan University also stressed the importance of independent organisations. The domestic violence and abuse service in Hull is provided by Hull Domestic Abuse Partnership, a multi-agency response within the council’s community safety function. This is not an independent woman-only organisation. It is remiss that the DHR report does not consider whether this might be a barrier to reporting. Indeed it only reinforces the suggestion that too many statutory commissioners are happy to ignore what women tell us about the services they most value and furthermore, that independent women’s organisations are often undervalued and their importance side-lined.
For Christina there were additional problems: she had problematic substance use and a long history of involvement in prostitution. The review details that she had a criminal record including ‘prostitute loitering and prostitute soliciting’ but does not consider even in passing that this may have affected her behaviour, choices, beliefs about herself or relationship with ‘the authorities’. By failing to look at this, the inclusion of this information in the review risks merely inviting judgment of her character, the expectation of which is itself a barrier to accessing support. Indeed a report by nia found that prostitution-specific criminal records have a profound and specific negative impact on women, massively influencing how they expect to be viewed by others. Additionally, involvement in prostitution itself is a homicide risk factor. The Femicide Census found that of women who were involved in prostitution and killed between 2009 and 2015, almost 20% had been killed by a current or former partner, suggesting prostitution must be recognised as not just a risk factor for or form of male violence, but also as a risk factor for intimate partner violence including homicide. There is no indication in the DHR that anyone on the review panel had an expertise in understanding the impacts of prostitution upon women and considered this a barrier.
On 1st February 2015, almost two years and two months after telling the police that she feared Allman would kill her, Christina Spillane was found dead. Allman had stabbed her three times and strangled her in an assault of such force that the blade had snapped. She was 51. Far from there being ‘Nothing [that had] come to light during the review that would suggest that [Christina Spillane’s] death could have been predicted or prevented.’ as concluded in the executive summary, there had been a number of indicators of serious risk: escalating violence, threats to kill, reports of strangulation, separation, expression of suicidal thoughts by Allman, and male entitlement/possessiveness indicated by Allman’s belief that Christina was ‘having an affair’. Christina had spoken to the police, her GP, her drugs support agency, a support provider for women offenders and A&E between calling the police in December 2013 and her murder on the eve of 1st February 2015. It is simply incorrect to state that support ‘was not taken up’. Another interpretation is that Christina Spillane was desperately afraid and made multiple disclosures as she sought to find a route to safety, was facing multiple barriers to accessing specialist services and was failed by those that may have been able to help.
Frank Mullane, CEO of AAFDA, a charity set up to support families of victims of domestic homicide in memory of his sister and nephew who were murdered by their husband/father, says that the “victim’s perspective should permeate these reviews throughout”. The DHR in to the murder of Christina Spillane sorely failed to achieve this aim
No-one but the perpetrator, Deland Allman, bears responsibility for killing Christina. It is not the purpose of a DHR to redirect blame from violent killers (usually men) who make choices to end (usually women’s) lives. But if DHRs are to fulfil the functions of contributing to a better understanding and the prevention of domestic violence and abuse, they cannot be a hand-washing exercise. They need to ask big questions, there needs to be a robust challenge to victim blaming and they must endeavour to see things from a victim’s (usually woman’s) perspective. If we want them to be part of what makes a difference, we need to make sure that we hear what victims of violence tell us, rather than use them as a means of absolving us from taking responsibility for the differences that we might have been able to make.
[i] Since 2001, local authorities have been required to undertake and usually publish reports on Domestic Homicide Reviews (DHRs) where the death of a person aged 16 or over has, or appears to have, resulted from violence, abuse or neglect by a relative, household member or someone they have been in an intimate relationship with. The purposes of the reviews, which should be chaired by an independent person with relevant expertise, include establishing and applying what lessons are to be learned from the ways that agencies work to safeguard victims and also, to contribute to a better understanding of and the prevention of domestic violence and abuse.
We now know the names of the 22 people confirmed dead in the attack in Manchester, and we know the 17 of them were women and girls. Whilst not to deny or denigrate the lives of the 5 men that were also taken, it is essential that we view the attack as an attack on women.
Daesh have claimed responsibility and so the attack is rightly framed in the context of religious extremism. The patriarchal oppression of women by men is at the heart of this ideology, and in that respect Daesh is not alone. Inequality between women and men and men’s violence against women go hand-in-hand the world over. It is estimated that across the globe 66,000 women and girls are killed violently every year . Generally those countries with the highest homicide rates are those with the highest rates of fatal violence against women and girls; but other factors are at play too, countries with higher levels of sex inequality also have high rates of men’s violence against women and girls. The UK is no exception, this year, even before the attack in Manchester, at least 37 UK women had been killed by men. Links between men who perpetrate violence against women and terrorism are now being identified; and mass killers, including school shooters, are almost always male.
Gender is a hierarchy, the ideals of masculinity and femininity are critical tools in maintaining the oppression of women by men, in the creation of men’s violence against women and the conditions that support and enable it. We cannot afford to fail to identify and name patriarchy as an ideology underpinning violence and we cannot afford to fail to name male violence against women in the Manchester attack. If we want to end men’s violence against women and girls we will have to dismantle the structures that support inequality between women and men, without this almost any intervention that we might make will have little impact.
The prevent agenda, one of the 4 strands of the UK governments counter-terrorism strategy, has been condemned as toxic and anti-Muslim, as reinforcing rather than healing mistrust, but cultural relativism is not the solution. If we want to tackle terrorism, we need to understand and acknowledge that structural inequalities that create the conditions for violent hatred – be they grounded in patriarchy– or imperialism or capitalism – are critical and that solutions, if they are to have any impact, need to be equally ambitious. We also need to make sure our definition of terrorism includes acts of violence perpetrated by those claiming to be motivated by the aims of ideologies held, or perceived to be held, by populations who are mainly white. Religion is one of the tools of ideology. We need to push for a secular state, that doesn’t have to be about the absence of religion from the lives of those who choose it, but it does mean the separation of religion and the state. Of course if we are to learn from the mistakes of imperialism, this means that the West cannot impose secularism on the Global South. But we can redouble our efforts to fight for universal Human Rights for all, and human rights fully encompass women’s rights. The right to life, the right to freedom from torture, the right to freedom from slavery: men’s violence against women and more broadly the oppression of women is an international human rights crisis.
Yes, now is the time for unity – and in that unity we should seek our connections to those killed and harmed in the name of violent and oppressive ideologies across the world. We must be unified in our fight to identify, name and end all forms of men’s violence against women and girls and also to end hierarchies between women and girls. Whether international terrorism or domestic terrorism, men’s violence against women and girls is used to control, disempower and degrade women and girls. The attack in Manchester was an attack on women and girls, on our liberty, our safety, our lives. The response to terrorism must always include the rights of women.
In memory of
Angelica Klis, 40
Georgina Callendar, 18
Saffie Roussos, 8
Kelly Brewster , 32
Olivia Campbell, 15
Lisa Lees, 47
Jane Tweddle-Taylor, 51
Megan Hurley, 15
Nell Jones, 14
Michelle Kiss, 45
Sorrell Leczkowski, 14
Chloe Rutherford, 17
Eilidh Macleod, 14
Wendy Fawell, 50
Courtney Boyle, 19
Martyn Hett, 29
Marcin Klis, 42
John Atkinson, 28
Liam Curry, 19
Philip Tron, 32
After an interview, David Moyes said to Vicki Sparks ‘You were just getting a wee bit naughty at the end there, so just watch yourself. You still might get a slap even though you’re a woman”. Later, after apologising and referring to the incident as a mistake, Moyes said “I’ve apologised to the girl.”
It sounds to me like his mistake is that the words that came out of his mouth revealed a sexist attitude that he would prefer had been kept hidden. Moyes’ later reference to Vicki Sparks as a ‘girl’ is a further indication that, the 53-year-old male does not see this professional adult human female as an equal.
Saying that Sparks herself laughed overlooks that many woman laugh off sexist and misogynistic comment from men on a regular basis, sometimes because we want to avoid further abuse, sometimes because we simply don’t think they’re (the men) worth the bother of taking on. When we refuse to laugh and instead challenge or confront such ‘banter’, we’re often told to get a grip, that we’re making something out of nothing and that we should get a life.
Making a joke out of the violence against women is another way of normalising men’s violence against women. It helps create a context in which domestic violence and abuse and sexual violence are tolerated rather than seen as abhorrent.
Male violence against women does not exist in a social vacuum, it simultaneously reinforces and is reinforced by inequality between women and men. The two go hand-in-hand and Moyes’ slip from referring to giving a woman a slap straight in to referring to her as a girl is an illustration of this.
I’m not laughing – and if you are – perhaps you should ask yourself why you’re unable to see the connection between making light of violence against women and a society in which men’s violence against women flourishes.
2017: At least 143 UK women killed by men, or where a man is the principal suspect. 143 women in 365 days is one woman dead every 2.5 days.
- 7 January 2017: Nicola Beck, 52, was found dead along with her husband Michael Beck, 62. Police have described their deaths as ‘domestic related murder and suicide.’
- 8 January 2017: Kerri McCauley, 32, was found dead. A post-mortem was inconclusive but Norfolk Police said there was evidence that Kerri was subjected to a severe blunt force assault. Her former partner, Joe Storey, 26, has been charged with her murder.
- 10 January 2017: Eulin Hastings, 74, was killed in a house fire. A 26-year-old man was arrested and bailed.
- 11 January 2017: Victoria Shorrock, 45, was found dead having suffered ‘a number of injuries’. Lee Grime, 35, had been charged with her murder but the charge was changed to assault when the cause of death could not be verified. Det Insp Tim McDermott said: “Even though we can’t be sure exactly what happened in the hours before she died, what is clear is Grime assaulted her, with her death following at some point afterwards. Victoria was a vulnerable woman who Grime took advantage of. He showed himself to be a dangerous and manipulative individual.” Grimes was jailed for 16 months.
- 11 Jan 2017: Kirby Norden (also known as Kirsty), 32, was last seen alive. Her body was found in may in the home she shared with her boyfriend Dean Lowe, 33. Ahe has been charged with her murder.
- 16 January 2017: Leone Weeks, 16, was found stabbed to death on a footbath close to her home. 18-year-old Shea Heeley, has been charged with her murder.
- 16 January 2017: Kiran Daudia, 46, ‘s remains were found in a suitcase by a member of the public. Her 50-year-old ex-husband, Ashwin Daudia, has been charged with her murder.
- 18 January 2017: Kulwinder Kaur, 40, was killed by a stab wound to her neck. Her husband, Azad Singh, 46, has been charged with her murder.
- 19 January 2017: Anne Forneaux, 70, was found dead at home and is believed to have been killed by her husband, Edward Forneaux, 74, who is thought to have killed himself by driving in to a tree.
- 20 January 2017: Anita Downey, 51, is thought to have been stabbed to death. David Lymess, 51, has been charged with her murder.
- 28 January 2017: Chrissy Kendall, 46, was found dead with multipole stab wounds. Her husband James Neary, 46, has been charged with her murder.
- 30 January 2017: Gillian Zvomuya, 42, also known as Nyasha Kahari, dies from head injuries and also suffered injuries from a ‘bladed item’. Her husband Norbery Chikerema, 42, has been charged with her murder.
- 3 February 2017: Amandeep Kaur, 35, was found dead with significant injuries. Baldeep Singh, 38, has been charged with her murder.
- 6 February 2017: Tina Billingham, 54, was taken to a doctor’s surgery with stab wounds but later died in hospital. Her partner Ronald Cook, 54, has been charged with her murder.
- 11 February 2017: Hannah Dorans, 21, was found dead. Frazer Neil, 23, has been charged in relation to her death.
- 11 February 2017: Catherine Kelly, 71, was killed in a fire which was thought to have been started deliberately.
- 11 February 2017: Hang Yin Leung, 64, was killed when a group of men posing as cold callers entered and robbed her home.
- 13 February 2017: Karina Batista, 40, was found dead with multiple injuries to her upper body. Jaici Rocha, 36, has been charged with her murder.
- 15 February 2017: Humara Khan, 42, was found to have a serious head injury when police were called to her home. She later died in hospital. Her husband Jamal Khan, 52, has been charged with her murder.
- 19 February 2017: Hazel Wilson Briant, 27, was stabbed to death by her partner Olumide Orimoloye, 42, who also killed himself.
- 19 February 2017: Margaret Stenning, 79, was stabbed to death. Her husband, Ronald Stenning, who claimed she slit her own throat, has been charged with her murder.
- 22 February 2017: Avis Addison, 88, was found dead at home after police were called to the property. Her husband Douglas Addison, 88, has been charged with her murder.
- 25 February 2017: Beverly Hudson, 42, died in hospital 2 days after having been stabbed 20 times in the neck, chest and abdomen as well as her arms, hands and back by her partner Mark Minott, 41, who used a second knife after the first one broke.
- 26 February 2016: Julie McCash, 43, was stabbed to death at a vigil being held for her missing nephew. Robert Stratton, 42, has been charged with her murder.
- 26 February 2017: Sarah Pitkin, 58, is believed to have been stabbed to death by her husband Richard Pitkin, , 65, who then hanged himself.
- 28 February 2017: Lea Adri-Soejoko, 80, was found dead in an allotment lock-up store. She had been strangled. Rahim Mohammadi, 40, has been charged with her murder.
- In February 2015, Justene Reece, 46, killed herself by hanging following a period of sustained stalking and coercive control. In a landmark legal case, Nicolas Allen, who had formerly been Justene’s partner, admitted manslaughter.
- 8 March 2017: Anne-Marie James, 33, was stabbed to death by her brother Melvin James,36, who then killed himself. He also badly injured their mother.
- 13 March 2017: Sabrina Mullings, 38, was stabbed to death. Her partner Ivan Griffin, 23, has been charged with her murder.
- 17 March 2017: Sheila Morgan, 72, died of necrotising fasciitis from an infected stab wound after her and her husband were attacked by Keiran Wathan, 24, who had broken in to their home.
- 22 March 2017: Aysha Frade, 43, was killed when Adrian Ajao/Elms, also known as Khalid Massod, drove a car in to pedestrians in a terrorist attack in London.
- 25 March 2017: Tracey Wilkinson, 50, and her son Pierce, 13, were stabbed to death by Aaron Bailey who was known to the family. Her husband was also badly hurt in the attack.
- 25 March 2017: Kanwal/Bernice Williams was last seen alive. Her body was found on 9th of April, two days after the discovery of the body of her husband Lawrence Williams, 50. He is thought to have killed himself.
- 4 April 2017: Ana Maria Pereira De Sousa Rebelo, 51, was found dead, it is thought through compression to her neck. 7 months later her husband Alfredo Da Costa Rebelo was charged with her murder.
- 6 April 2017: Andreea Christea, 31, died after falling in to the river Thames when Adrian Ajao/Elms, also known as Khalid Massod, drove a car in to pedestrians in a terrorist attack in London on 22 March.
- 9 April 2017: Vicki Hull, 31, was found strangled. Mark Mahoney, 31, has been charged with her murder.
- 14 April 2017: Hannah Bladon, 20, a student from Derby , was stabbed to death in Jerusalem by Jamil Tamimi, 57.
- 17 April 2017: Carolyn Hill, 51, died of a head injury. Skye Page, 37, has been charged with her murder.
- 19 April 2017: Karina Evemy, 19, died in hospital of injuries sustained on 13th Her boyfriend Dylan Harries, 21, had previously been charged with attempted murder.
- Between 16 April and May 2017: Megan Bills, 17, was killed. She was found decomposing and wrapped in cling film in May. Ashley Foster, 24, was initially charged with preventing a proper burial and later charged with her murder.
- 4 May 2017: Karolina Chwiluk, 20, died after being stabbed in an incident in which two other people were injured. Grzesiek Kosiec, 23, said to have been her boyfriend, has been chared with her murder and two counts of GBH.
- 7 May 2017: Jane Sherratt, 60, died in hospital 17 weeks after being battered over the dead with a dumbbell as she slept by her husband Paul Sherratt, 57.
- 7 May 2017: Tracy Kearns, 43, was last seen alive. Her body was found on 11 May. She had been strangled. Her partner Anthony Bird has been charged with her murder.
- 14 May 2017: Megan Bannister, 16, was found dead in a car after a collision. She did not have injuries consistent with a crash. A pathologist has informed the court that she either died of strangulation or an MDMA overdose or a mixture of both. Megan’s blood had 10 times the MDMA of Jason Burder, 28 and Adam King, 28 who were also in the car. Postmortem tests showed Burder’s semen inside and on Megan, as well as under Adam King’s fingernails. Burder and King had been calling ‘escorts’ as they drove around with Megan dead or dying in the car. Burder’s former partner told the court that he was violent and aggressive when he used drugs and put his hands round her neck during sex. Both were found not guilty of the manslaughter of Megan.
- 14 May 2017: Sinead Wooding, 26, was stabbed and bludgeoned with a claw hammer before her burnt body was found in woodland. Her husband Akshar Ali, 27, and his friend Yasmin Ahmed, 27, are currently on trial in relation to her death. (Nov 2017)
- 15 May 2017: Concepta Leonard, 51, was stabbed to death by her ex-partner Peadar Phair, who and killed himself and tried to kill her son.
- Angelica Klis, 40
- Georgina Callendar, 18
- Kelly Brewster, 32
- Olivia Campbell, 10
- Alison Howe, 45
- Lisa Lees, 47
- Jane Tweddle-Taylor, 51
- Megan Hurley, 15
- Nell Jones, 14
- Michelle Kiss, 45
- Sorrell Leczkowski, 14
- Chloe Rutherford, 17
- Eilidh Macleod, 14
- Wendy Fawell, 50
- Courtney Boyle, 19
- Elaine McIver, 43
Saffie Roussos, 8*
- 23 May 2017: Gemma Leeming, 30, was found strangled. Craig O’Sullivan, 39, has been charged with her murder.
- 25 May 2017: Emma Day, 33, was stabbed to death. Her ex-partner, Mark Morris, 39, has been charged with her murder.
- 26 May 2017: Mohanna Abdhua, 20, also known as Montana, was shot dead in what appears to have been crossfire of a ‘gangland shooting’. Two men have been arrested and bailed.
- 27 May 2017: Marjorie Cawdrey and her husband Michael, both 83, were stabbed to death. A 40-year-ond man has been charged in relation to their murders.
- 28 May 2017: Sobhia Khan, 37 was found dead. Her husband Ataul Mustafa, 35, has been charged with her murder.
- 29 May 2017: Romina Kalachi, 32, was found stabbed to death in London.
- 30 May 2017: Arena Saeed, 30 and her two children Shadia, 6 and Rami, 4 were killed in Liverpool. Her husband (their father) Sami Salem, 30, has been charged in relation to their deaths.
- 2 June 2017: Alyson Watt, 52, was stabbed to death and her 16-year-old son was also attacked. Her former partner Gary Brown, 54, has been charged.
3 June 2017: 8 people were killed in a terror attack in London by Khuram Shazad Butt, 27; Rachid Redouane, 30; Youssef Zaghba, 22. They included
- 8 June 2017: Sarah Jeffrey, 48, was strangled. Her husband Christopher Jeffrey, 51, has been charged with her murder.
- 9 June 2017: Karen Young, 47, was found dead in Allan Doherty’s flat. He has been charged with culpable homicide.
- 13 June 2017: Jean Chapman, 81, was killed by blunt force trauma to the head. Her 71-year-old husband John Chapman, has been charged with murder.
- 12 June 2017: Janice Griffiths, 59, died in hospital 2 days after being subjected to a violent attack. A 22-year-old man has been held under the Mental Health Act in relation to her death.
- 14 June 2017: Joanne Rand, 47, dies after sustaining chemical burns on 3 June from a substance in a bottle that was kicked during ‘an altercation’. Xeneral Webster has been charged with attempted GBH.
- 17 June 2017: Dionne Clark, 27, was found dead. Dominic Wallis, 28, and Elizabeth Ellis, 19, have been charged in relation to her murder.
- 18 June 2017: Ellen Higginbottom, 18, was killed through multiple wounds to her neck. Mark Steven Buckley, 51, has been charged with her murder.
- 27 June 2017: Julie Parkin, 39, was stabbed to death. Adam Parkin, 35, has been charged with her murder.
- 29 June 2017: Molly McLaren, 23, was killed by her throat being slit. Her ex-boyfriend, Joshua Stimpson, 25, has been charged with her murder.
- 3 July 2017: Jane Mathew, 62, was bludgeoned to death with a hammer by her husband Francis Mathew, 61. The couple were from the UK and lived in Dubai.
- 6 July 2017: Ilona Czuper, 63, was stabbed and slashed in the throat more than 60 times and beaten over the head by what what was thought most likely to be a paving slab by her grandson Kordian Filmanowicz, 23. He also smashed the skulls of her pet cat and dog.
- 9 July 2017: Vera Savage, 89, was stabbed to death. Police believe her son John Savage, 54, killed her and then himself.
- 19 July 2017: Celine Dookhran, 19, was kidnapped, raped, had her throat cut and her body was placed in a freezer. Majahid Arshid, 33, has been charged.
- 20 July 2017: Vanessa James, 24 was stabbed in the neck and abdomen. Tre Cameron, 21, has been charged with her murder.
- 21 July 2017: Florina Pastina, 36, was suffered head injuries as a result of being bludgeoned in the head with a hammer. Lucian Stinci, 34, has been charged with her murder.
- 21 July 2017: Olivia Kray, 19, was strangled. Her father, Richard Kray. 63 has been charged with her murder and the attempted murder of another woman.
- 25 July 2017: Natividad Nituan, 70, was stabbed and strangled by her partner Raymond Page, 64, in July 2017. She had knife wounds on her hands where she had tried to defend herself and blunt force injuries to her head and face.
- 29 July 2017: Farnaz Ali, 49, was killed in what has been described as a ‘sustained assault’ . Danny Williams, 26, has been charged with her murder.
- 31 July 2017: Elizabeth (Betty) Jordan, 53, was found seriously injured and died later in hospital. Her husband, Paul Jordan, 54, has been charged with her murder.
- 3 August 2017: Leanne Collopy, 25, was found in a burning house with her 2-year-old daughter. She died of stab wounds and burns. Saleem Said, 39, has been charged with her murder, the attempted murder of the two year old girl and arson with intent to endanger life
- 5 August 2017: Rikki Lander, 26, was found dead at home. Her husband Paul Lander was found hanged. Police said that ‘It’s clear a sustained attack had taken place towards Rikki.’
- 6 August 2017: Alex Stuart, 22, was found with facial injuries and had been stabbed. She died in hospital. Nicholas Rogers, 26, has been charged with her murder.
- 11 August 2017: Leah Cohen, 66, and her daughter Hannah Cohen, 33, were stabbed to death. Joshua Cohen, 27, Leah’s son and Hannah’s brother, has been charged with their murders.
- 11 August 2017: Hannah Cohen, 33, and her mother, Leah Cohen, 66, were stabbed to death. Joshua Cohen, 27, Hannah’s brother and Leah’s son, has been charged with their murders.
- 12 August 2017: Beryl Hammond, 81, was found dead at home. Her son, Darren Hammond, 41, has been charged with her murder.
- 14 August 2017: Quyen Ngoc Nguyen, 29, was found dead inside a burning car. William McFall, 50, and Stephen Unwin, 39, have been charged with her murder.
- 14 August 2017: Karen Jacquet, 59, was found dead by police called to an incident. Yousef Mohammed, 65, has been charged with murder.
- 22 August 2017: Asiyah Harris, 27, was stabbed to death by her husband Adan Dahir, 38, after telling him that she was leaving him.
- 26 August 2017: Kellie Sutton, 30, died in hospital 3 days after attempting to kill herself. Her partner Stephen Gane, 31, was found guilty of coercive control in a landmark case in which the judge told him “ Your behaviour drove Kellie Sutton to hang herself that morning. ‘You beat her and ground her down and broke her spirits.”
- 27 August 2017: Jessica King, 23, was found dead. Jordan Thackray, 27, has been charged with her murder.
- 9 September 2017: Tyler Denton, 25, was found dead. Redvers Bickley, 21, was charged with her murder and the attempted murder of her father and two sisters
- September 2017: Emma Kelty, 43, was shot, raped, tortured and had her throat slit before her body was dumped in fast flowing water. She was kayaking down the Amazon river and killed in Brazil by drug traffickers.
- 24 September 2017: Jane Hings, 72, was found dead at home. Craig Keogh, 25, has been charged with her murder, rape and burglary.
- 25 September 2017: Linda Parker, 51, was found dead at home after police received a call expressing concern at her welfare. Glen Gibbons. 51, has been charged with her murder.
- 27 September 2017: Nasima Noorzia, 29, was found dead in woodland by a roadside after a search following a call about concerns for her safety. Her husband, Habib Rahman, 42, has been charged with her murder.
- 28 September 2017: Katherine Smith, 26, was found dead. Anthony Lowe, 46, has been charged with her murder.
- 29 September 2017: Leanne McKie, 39, was found dead in a lake. Her husband Darren, McKie, 43, has been charged with her murder.
- 4 October 2017: Jane Sergeant, 67, was collected from a care-home by her husband Richard Sergeant, he took her to their home and smothered her and then hanged himself.
- 15 October 2017: Shaeen Akthar, 46, was killed. Her husband Parvez Akhtar, 46, has been charged with her murder.
- 20 October 2017: Teresa Wishart, 80, was found dead as a result of blunt force trauma to the head. Charles Stapleton, 51 has been charged with her murder. He was also charged with burglary.
- 21 October 2017: Moira Gilbertson, 57, was found dead. It is believed she had been dead for some time. Roger Crossan, 52, has been charged with her murder.
- 21 October 2017: Anne O’Neill, 51, was found fatally injured in the garden of her elderly parents. Her son, Declan O’Neill, 27, has been charged with her murder.
- 22 October 2017: Elizabeth Merriman, 39, was killed by stab wounds to the torso and abdomen. Her husband Darren Merriman has been charged with her murder.
- 22October 2017: Janet Northmore, 76, was found dead. Shaun McDonald, 54, was charged with her murder.
- 26 October 2017: Jillian Howell, 46, was stabbed to death. Her colleague David Browning, 51, has been charged with her murder.
- 29 October 2017: Mary Steel, 79, was stabbed to death. Her son, Nicholas Steel, 57, has been charged with her murder.
- 4 November 2017: Chloe Miazek, 20, was found dead. Mark Bruce, 32, has been charged in relation to her death.
- 5 November 2017: Simone Grainger, 30, was found dying of head Her husband Steven Grainger, 32, has been charged with her murder.
- 12 November 2017: Michele Anison, 56, was volunteering in Belize when she was stabbed to death.
- 15 November 2017: Patricia McIntosh, 56, died of head injuries. Her husband Andrew McIntosh, 54, has been charged with her murder.
- 23 November 2017: Lisa-Marie Thornton, 36, was stabbed 3 times by her former partner Owen Pellow, 43.
- 27 November 2017: Lisa Chadderton, 44, died of stab wounds and strangulation. Mark Tindill, 56, has been charged with her murder.
- 29 November 2017: Monika Lasek, 36, was stabbed to death. Her husband Zbigniew Lasek, 35, has been charged with her murder.
- 29 November 2017: Ruby Wilson, 94, was stabbed in the throat. Her grandson, Anthony Jennings, 32, has been charged with her murder.
- 1 December 2017: Susan Westwood, 68, was found with multiple stab wounds. Thomas Westwood, 46, has been charged in relation to her death.
- 4 December 2017: Marie Brown, 41, was strangled at the home of her father, who had also been murdered. Their killer(s) has/have not yet been found.
- 7 December 2017: Ella Parker, 29, died of puncture wounds to the neck. Ryan Blacknell, 24, described in the press as ‘a friend’, has been charged in relation to her death.
- 12 December 2017: Janine Bowater, 25, was strangled to death. Her partner John Wright, 32, was charged with her murder.
- 16 December 2017: Suzanne Brown, 33, was stabbed 173 times. Jake Neate, 36, has been charged with her murder.
- 16 December 2017: Rebecca Dykes, 30, was sexually assaulted and strangled before being dumped at a roadside. Tarek Hawchieh, 36, has admitted to her murder.
- 21 December 2017: Jodie Willsher, 30, was stabbed to death at work. Neville Hord, 44, said to be the former partner of her mother, has been charged with her murder.
- 22 December 2017: Beverley Bliss, 52, was found dead and her partner seriously injured. Her son James Standing, 35, has been charged with murder and attempted murder.
- 23 December 2017: Nicole Campbell, 30, was found dead with 30 stab wounds. It is believed that she was killed by John Morris, who also killed himself.
- 24 December 2017: Iuliana Tudos, 22, went missing as she was on the way to meet friends. She was found dead with a head injury and stab wounds in a disused park building. Kasim Lewis, 31, has been charged with her murder.
- 25 December 2017: Jayne Reat, 43, was stabbed to death as she tried to protect her daughter. Nathan Ward, the son of her partner, has been charged with murder and attempted murder.
- 25 December 2017: Jillian Grant, 43, was found dead in a house where there had been a fire. Mark Smith, 41, has been charged with her murder and attempted murder.
- 26 December 2017: Pauline Cockburn, 48, was found dead with her partner Kevin Armstrong, 53. Police believe he killed her before killing himself.
- 27 December 2017: Julie Fox, 51, was found dead in her home after a neighbour reported a smell of gas. Adrian Jenkins, 43, has been charged with her murder.
- 30 December 2017: Anne Searle, 62, was found dead. Her husband Stephen Searle, 64, has been charged with her murder.
- 31 December 2017: Melanie Clark, 44, was stabbed to death. Her husband David Clark, 49, has been charged with her murder.
Awaiting charging information regarding the deaths of Samantha Blake-Mizen, Rosemarie Stokes, Catherine Burke and Julie Fox and the outcome of the case in relation to the murder Tracey Bowen. Please let me know if you have information regarding the deaths of these women or any other women/girls (aged 13 and over) where a man/men is/are the primary suspects in the UK or UK women killed abroad in 2017.
*Counting Dead Women is a record of women and girls aged 13 and over. Saffie Roussos is commemorated here but not included in the count.